Amaphakheji kanye Kits

Ama-oda ezitolo ezinkulu MANJE ayatholakala, nalu uhlu oluphelele lwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo we-FM etholakala ngamanani angcono kakhulu avela ku-FMUSER:

 

#1 Gcwalisa amaphakheji wemishini yesiteshi somsakazo we-FM: ikakhulukazi iqukethe izinto zokusakaza ezibalwe ngenhla, ikakhulukazi ihlukaniswe ngemishini yokusakaza ye-FM njengama-transmitters, uhlelo lwe-antenna kanye nemishini yesitudiyo somsakazo we-FM efana ne-mixer, i-audio processor>>Okwengeziwe.

#2 Qedela amaphakheji omsakazo we-FM: Izidluliseli zomsakazo we-FM ezisezingeni eliphezulu ezipakishwe ngezimpondo ezihamba phambili zomsakazo we-FM, izithutha ziyazikhethela ochungechungeni lwamandla aphansi (≤50W), uchungechunge lwamandla aphakathi nendawo (≤50W - 1KW) nochungechunge lwamandla aphezulu (≥10KW), kuyilapho izimpondo zikhetha ezinhlotsheni ezahlukene (i-dipole, indiza yaphansi, njll.) enamatheku amaningi. Amakhebula nezisekeli ngezezindleko ezengeziwe. Kuhle kakhulu esiteshini somsakazo esinamandla aphezulu we-FM, ukungena esontweni kanye nokushayela endaweni yeshashalazi>>Okwengeziwe.

#3 Gcwalisa amasistimu wezinti ze-FM: Amatheku angawodwa / amaningi we-antenna ye-FM enezintambo zothi nezinye, angcono kakhulu ekukhwezeni umbhoshongo we-FM, ozikhethela wona ovela ku-FM dipole antenna, uthi oluyindilinga oluyindilinga kanye nothi lwendiza ephansi, luhlala lukhona esitokweni. >>Okwengeziwe.

#4 Gcwalisa amaphakheji wemishini yesitudiyo somsakazo we-FM: okokusebenza kwestudiyo okungcono kakhulu, ongakukhetha kumbhobho, isihlanganisi somsindo, iphrosesa yomsindo, amadeski okusakaza, njll. Lezi zinsizakusebenza ezinezindleko eziphansi zizofanelana ngokuphelele nesiteshi sakho somsakazo we-FM, futhi zingasebenza isikhathi eside esiteshini somsakazo we-FM. >>Okwengeziwe.

 

Lawa maphakheji emishini yokusakaza afaneleka kahle ezitezini zomsakazo we-FM zomphakathi nezohwebo, isibonelo, iziteshi zomsakazo zekhampasi, iziteshi zomsakazo zomphakathi, iziteshi zomsakazo zasemadolobheni nezasemaphandleni, njll. Ngokuvamile, umsakazi we-FM uyisinqumo sokuqala sabathengi abaningi, umsakazi wekhwalithi ephezulu we-FM akakwazi ukunquma kuphela ikhwalithi yokuphuma komsindo, kodwa futhi nempilo yesevisi yokusakaza ebiza kakhulu esiteshini sakho somsakazo, ngokusebenzisa izimpondo eziningi ze-FM, ungakwazi futhi ukunweba ukusakazwa kokusakaza. Uma ufuna ukubambisana kwesikhathi eside ekuphakeleni kwemishini yokusakaza emsakazweni, i-FMUSER izoba inketho yakho engcono kakhulu ngezidingo zomuntu siqu noma zebhizinisi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ama-oda enziwe ngokwezifiso anoma iziphi izinto ezisetshenziswayo zokusakaza emsakazweni ahlala amukelwa, sicela ubuze imininingwane uma uyidinga, ungathola okunikezwayo okuhle kakhulu ku-FMUSER. Sihlinzeka ngemishini yesiteshi somsakazo we-FM enemininingwane ehlukene, efana ne-1KW FM transmitter, i-2-bay diople FM antenna, njalonjalo. Sicela usithinte uma ufuna okuthile okungabaliwe ngenhla. I-FMUSER ingumkhiqizi ohamba phambili ohlanganyela ekukhiqizweni komhlaba nasekuhlinzekweni kwemishini yokusakaza umsakazo, enochungechunge lwemikhiqizo evela kumaphakeji omsakazo we-FM aphelele, uhlelo lwe-antenna ye-FM esezingeni eliphakeme, amaphakheji esiteshi somsakazo we-FM (ama-FM transmitter ane-antenna) kanye nephakheji yesitudiyo somsakazo we-FM (isixube somsindo. , iphrosesa yomsindo, njll), ikhwalithi engcono kakhulu nezintengo ezihamba phambili njengenjwayelo. 

Ungasakha kanjani isiteshi somsakazo we-FM? Umhlahlandlela wesinyathelo ngesinyathelo

 

Eminyakeni eminingi yokuzibandakanya ebhizinisini lemishini yokusakaza, siye sabona ukuthi amakhasimende amaningi, ngaphandle kwezindleko, isikhathi, njll, angathanda ukuba nesiteshi sabo somsakazo sokuqala se-FM noma abuyekeze lokho asevele enakho esiteshini, kodwa nokho kunenani elikhulu amakhasimende angayazi kangako indlela yokwakhiwa kwesiteshi somsakazo esiphelele ukuze asisebenzisele umuntu siqu/sokuthengisa ngempumelelo.

  

Sasihlale sibuzwa ukuthi, "Ingabe unalo uhlu lwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo okufanele sibhekiselwe kuyo?", impendulo ithi "Impela sinalo". Sihlinzeka ngemishini yokusakaza yomsakazo eshibhile ukusuka kuma-transmitters kuya ezinhlelweni zama-antenna! Kunjalo, kukhona eminye imibuzo efana nalena njengokuthi "Iyini intengo" noma "Ukwakhiwa kanjani" ekubuyekezeni nasekunwebeni okokusebenza. Nalu uhlu lwemibuzo evamise ukubuzwa i-FMUSER evamise ukuyithola kumakhasimende:

  

- Uyaluhlinzeka ngohlu oluphelele lwemishini yomsakazo we-FM?

- Yiziphi izisetshenziswa okufanele ngizithenge ukuze ngiqale isiteshi somsakazo?

- Zingakanani izindleko zesiteshi somsakazo esinenzuzo?

- Zingaki izinhlobo zezinto zokusakaza ezikhona esiteshini somsakazo esingochwepheshe?

- Iyini imishini etholakala esiteshini somsakazo?

- Kungani ngidinga uhlu lwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo?

- Uzichaza kanjani izinto zokusebenza zomsakazo?

- Ingabe unikeza noma yiziphi izisetshenziswa zesiteshi somsakazo ezithengiswayo?

- Ithini iphakheji ephelele yempahla yesiteshi somsakazo?

- Ungakwandisa kanjani ukumbozwa kwesidlulisi somsakazo wami we-FM?

- Ungamtholaphi umkhiqizi wemishini yesiteshi somsakazo ongcono kakhulu?

- Ngingaluthengaphi umshini womsakazo ohamba phambili?

- Ungakhetha kanjani imishini yokusakaza engcono kakhulu phakathi kwemikhiqizo ehlukene?

- Ngingakwazi ukuthenga noma yimaphi amaphakheji wempahla yokusakaza ngenani eliphansi?

- Iyiphi intengo engcono kakhulu ongayinikeza ngohlelo lwe-antenna?

  

Ungathola impendulo kalula uma u-Google ubuza imibuzo efana nokuthi "Ihhotela elingcono kakhulu eliseduze nendlu yami" noma "Ikuphi indawo yokuzivocavoca eseduze", kodwa ezindabeni zebhizinisi njengokuthi "Imishini yesiteshi somsakazo ehamba phambili" noma "umnikezeli wezinto zomsakazo ohamba phambili", ingakusiza. kungaba nzima kakhulu ukuthola izimpendulo ngoba akubandakanyi nje kuphela imikhiqizo ehlobene kodwa futhi kukhombisa ubungcweti bakho bolwazi lobungcweti bomsakazo.

 

Ungase udidwe ngokuphelele izingxenye zokuqukethwe njengevelu ye-SNR yochungechunge olunegama lomsakazo we-FM, noma amagama athile emigodi yesihlanganisi se-FM, njll.

 

Ngakho-ke lo mhlahlandlela uzokwethula ngolimi olufushane kakhulu mayelana nendlela yokwakha isiteshi somsakazo esiphelele kanye namaphuzu abalulekile okudingeka uwacabangele, futhi sizokwabelana ngezinye izixhumanisi zemishini eyengeziwe ukukusiza ukuthi wakhe isiteshi somsakazo esiphelele.

 

Isinyathelo #0 Izinto Okufanele Uzazi Ngaphambili

Ukumisa isiteshi somsakazo akulula njengoba kubonakala. Kungase kudingeke ukuthi ucabangele ukuthi yini ozokusakaza ezinhlelweni zomsakazo nokuthi zingakanani izindleko eziqhubekayo ongase udinge ukutshala. Kodwa-ke, uma isiteshi sakho somsakazo sisebenza kahle, ungase futhi uthole imali eningi yesikhathi eside. Ngakho-ke, Ngaphambi kokwakhiwa kwesiteshi sakho sokuqala somsakazo, udinga ukugxila kulawa maphuzu abalulekile alandelayo:

  

Isinyathelo #1 Buka kuqala Izinqubomgomo Zasendaweni 

Ngokungeziwe ekutadisheni izinhlobo ezingcono kakhulu zokwakha pf isiteshi somsakazo, naka kakhudlwana futhi uthole izinqubomgomo®ukulawulwa komsakazo wendawo (isb. i-FCC yase-USA) kusenesikhathi kungasiza ukugwema izinhlawulo ezinkulu zokwephula futhi kukusize wenze amasu okuncintisana afanele, okuhlobene eduze nokutshalwa kwezimali okuningi okwalandela, isibonelo, izindleko zokusebenza, izindleko zokufaka isicelo sesiteshi somsakazo, izindleko zamanzi nogesi, izindleko ezihleliwe zokusakaza okuqukethwe, noma izindleko zesikhathi, izindleko zomzamo, njll.

  

Isinyathelo #2 Khetha Isiteshi sakho somsakazo

Kungase kudide abasanda kuhlanganyela bemisakazo ezinhlotsheni eziyinhloko zokusakazwa komsakazo: i-AM, i-FM, i-TV, ne-IP. Kodwa kulula ukubona umehluko omkhulu kumabhajethi okwakha kanye nemishini edingekayo kulezi zinhlobo ezine zokusakaza. Ngakho-ke, ama-pls anamathisela ukubaluleka okukhulu kwasekuqaleni lapho ukhetha ukuthi yiluphi uhlobo lwesiteshi sokusakaza ongaqala ngaso, zibuze: ingabe singahlangabezana ngokuphelele nezidingo zakho? Singakanani isabelomali esisele? Hlala ukhumbula ukucabangela uhlobo lwesiteshi somsakazo, kuyasiza ekusebenzeni okuzinzile kwesiteshi sakho mhlawumbe amashumi ambalwa eminyaka.

 

Isinyathelo #3 Faka isicelo selayisensi

Uma usunokuqonda okuphelele kwezinsiza onazo, kungani ungathathi izinyathelo ezidingekayo ngaleso sikhathi? Ukufaka isicelo selayisensi yebhizinisi kwabaphathi bomsakazo ogunyaziwe yisinyathelo esibaluleke kakhulu ekwakhiweni kwesiteshi somsakazo. Okufanele ukwenze ukuqonda umehluko eziteshini zomsakazo ezahlukene kanye namalayisensi azo, futhi uzilungiselele ngaphambi kokufaka isicelo selayisensi ngokusemthethweni - ukuthola imvume yeqembu le-FM kuzohlala isikhathi eside futhi kunzima.

  

Njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, i-LPFM ne-HPFM yizinhlobo ezimbili zeziteshi ezijwayelekile zokusakaza kwendabuko. Ukukhetha noma iyiphi kulezi zindlela ezimbili, i-LPFM noma i-HPFM, nakanjani kuzohlangabezana nenkinga yokuthi ungayigcina kanjani inzuzo yomsakazo.

  

Uma ukhetha isiteshi se-LPFM sokusakaza umsakazo, awukwazi ukuthumela noma yiluphi uhlobo lokukhangisa okukhokhelwayo kubabukeli bakho (i-LPFM ukusakaza komhlaba okungenzi nzuzo). Kodwa isiteshi somsakazo iLow power FM sisakaza izinhlobonhlobo zezinhlelo ezilalelwayo, okuhlanganisa umculo, izindaba, izindaba zomphakathi, njll.

  

Nakuba ungeke uhlanganyele ekukhangiseni okukhokhelwayo, esikhundleni salokho ungakwazi ukuzibandakanya ekubhaleni ngaphansi, okukuvumela ukuthi wamukele iminikelo yezinkampani futhi ubonise ukubonga kwakho ngale minikelo ngesikhathi sokusakaza. Ngenxa yokuthi Ukusakazwa Kokusakazwa komsakazo we-LPFM kulinganiselwe kakhulu futhi kuvame ukuvela ngendlela yokusakaza komphakathi, Ngakho-ke, isu elithile lenzuzo lincike endaweni yabalaleli bakho.

  

Uma ukhetha isiteshi somsakazo se-HPFM, akudingekile ukuba ukhathazeke ngokusakaza ukukhangisa okukhokhelwayo nhlobo, ngoba le misebenzi yezohwebo enenzuzo ingakwamukela ukukhangisa futhi ibe nokukhetha okubanzi ngokwezimali nezinhlelo. Kodwa-ke, kunzima kakhulu ukuthola amalayisense ebhizinisi eziteshi zomsakazo ze-HPFM futhi kuvame ukuhamba nezindleko eziphakeme zokusebenzisa.

  

Isinyathelo #4 Hlela Izindaba Zakho Zomsakazo

 

Uma usifakile isicelo sakho selayisensi yomsakazo kubaphathi bomsakazo wendawo, yini enye ongayenza ngaphandle kokulinda ukugunyazwa?

 

Masizithathele lezo zindaba zangaphakathi! Ku-FMUSER, isiteshi somsakazo sifana nenkampani. Njengomuntu othatha izinqumo kule “nkampani”, uzobhekana nezinselelo ezingathi shu njengokuthi kusasa uzosakaza ini noma ungenza kanjani isiteshi sami sidume.

 

Okulandelayo imithetho esebenzayo eyisithupha efingqiwe yi-FMUSER ngokwempendulo yekhasimende yezinye iziteshi zomsakazo ezakhelwe zona:

  

Isinyathelo #5 Sebenza ngokusemthethweni futhi ugweme izijeziso ezinzima

 

Akekho ofuna ukujeziswa kanzima ngabaphathi bomsakazo wendawo ngokusebenza ngokungemthetho, ikakhulukazi uma utshale amashumi ezinkulungwane zamaRandi ezindlekweni namandla angenakubalwa emsakazweni, awukwazi nokuyeka leli bhizinisi ngokuqondile!

 

Ngakho-ke, khumbula njalo ukufaka isicelo selayisense, ulungise zonke izinto zephepha ezidinga noma ezizodingeka ukuhambisa, futhi ugcwalise imininingwane yesicelo ngokwesimo sangempela ukugwema ukuthikameza ukusebenza kahle kwesiteshi somsakazo.

  

Isinyathelo #6 Khumbula njalo ukutshala imali ngendlela efanele

 

Uhlelo lokwakha ukuqalisa kwesiteshi somsakazo ludinga imali eningi (uma ufuna njalo ukuthi yonke into ibe sezingeni eliphezulu), okuhlanganisa izindleko zokuthengwa kwemishini yokusakaza echwepheshile, izindleko zokuqasha indawo yesitudiyo somsakazo, izindleko zokuqasha inqolobane, izindleko zokusebenza, izindleko zamaholo. , njll.

 

Lezi zici zidinga ukucatshangelwa ngokucophelela, Uma noma iyiphi yalezi zici ishoda, ungase ube senkingeni enkulu, Ngakho-ke, ukuthola abalingani bakho abanamasu kumi ngaphezu kwakho konke ikakhulukazi esigabeni sokuqala sokwakhiwa kwesiteshi somsakazo.

 

Yebo, ungaphinda ukhethe ukuqasha indawo ekhona kanye nezinto zokusebenza (ezifana nombhoshongo womsakazo nesitudiyo) zokusakaza ku-FM, kuyisu elihle, kodwa alinconywa esiteshini somsakazo esisanda kwakhiwa ngenxa yezindleko eziphakeme kakhulu. Hhayi-ke, ukukhetha kungokwakho!

 

Isinyathelo #7 Hlanganisa izinsiza futhi wakhe iqembu

 

Ngaphandle kokuthenga izinto zokusakaza, udinga futhi ukuzibeka futhi, vele, uthole umuntu ozosebenzisa izisetshenziswa.

 

Ingabe ufuna ukwenza lokhu uwedwa? Lokhu ngokusobala akunakwenzeka!

 

Uzodinga uchwepheshe wokulungisa imishini yokusakaza; Udinga futhi ochwepheshe abambalwa bomsakazo abanomthwalo wemfanelo wokuhlela izinhlelo zomsakazo kanye nomsebenzi wasendaweni wokusakaza bukhoma, njll. Ngakho-ke hamba uthole amathalente okusakaza emsakazweni ohlelweni lwakho lokuqala.

  

Isinyathelo #8 Uhlelo lwebhizinisi olukhethekile lwesiteshi sakho somsakazo 

 

Yini enye okudingeka ngiyazi ngaphandle kwezindleko zokwakhiwa kwesiteshi nezinqubomgomo zomsakazo wasendaweni? Ungase futhi udinge ukunquma ukuthi usenza kanjani isiteshi sokusakaza sangempela.

 

Ingabe isiteshi somsakazo se-LPFM esincane, esibiza kancane kodwa esinenzuzo ephansi ozosakha noma isiteshi somsakazo esikhulu nesinenzuzo kakhulu yezentengiselwano/HPFM noma ezinye izinhlobo zeziteshi zomsakazo ezinhlelweni, lezi zinqumo zihlobene eduze nezindleko zakho futhi yenza imithelela emihle ezinhlotsheni zezinhlelo zomsakazo wakho eminyakeni embalwa ezayo.

  

Ezinye izici ezengeziwe kufanele zicatshangelwe futhi, njenge:

 - Indawo ezungeze isiteshi sakho somsakazo, ingabe iyithafa noma inamagquma, indawo eyisicaba ivumela ukusakazwa okungcono kwe-antenna yokusakaza

 

- Ingabe uzokwakha isiteshi somsakazo esishisayo? Uma kunjalo, kufanele ucabangele izinto zezulu ezifana nomswakama kanye nokushisa okuphezulu. Lezi zici zingase zilethe izinto ezingezinhle futhi zandise okokufaka kwezindleko ekwakhiweni kwesiteshi sakho somsakazo, ikakhulukazi ezindlekweni zokukhetha okokusebenza kwesiteshi somsakazo okungcono kakhulu.

 - Ngingakuthola kanjani ukubukezwa okungcono ezinhlelweni zami zomsakazo?

 

 - njll.

 

Uzohlangabezana nazo zonke izinhlobo zezinkinga ngesikhathi sokwakhiwa kwesiteshi somsakazo. Akuhlakaniphile ukulwa uwedwa, khona-ke udinga ukubambisana okuthile ngalesi sikhathi.

  

Ngenhlanhla, njengochwepheshe ekwakhiweni kwesiteshi somsakazo esikhokhelwayo, i-FMUSER inikezela ngezixazululo eziphelele ze-turnkey yesiteshi somsakazo kanye nemishini yesiteshi somsakazo ebiza kancane kubathengi bemisakazo ngayo yonke ibhajethi.

 

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukusekelwa okuku-inthanethi kwesikhathi sangempela nakho kuyatholakala, kusukela ekuhlelweni kwesakhiwo sesiteshi sakho somsakazo kuya ekuphathweni kwesinyathelo esincane ngasinye okudingeka sithathwe ngaphambi nangemuva kokwakhiwa kwesiteshi somsakazo.

  

Ingabe ufuna iziteshi zomsakazo eziphelele namaphakheji wemishini yesitudiyo? Xhumana nochwepheshe bethu be-RF futhi usazise izidingo zakho kanye nesabelomali, futhi uthole iphrojekthi yakamuva yokusethwa kwesiteshi somsakazo we-FM esivela ku-FMUSER Broadcast. 

 

11 Izisetshenziswa ezisemqoka zokusakaza esiteshini somsakazo we-FM

 

#1 Izisetshenziswa zesixhumanisi se-Studio Transmitter

 

Lokhu kuhlanganisa isistimu yedijithali ye-STL (IP STL noma i-STL phezu kwe-IP) iqukethe izishumeki namadekhoda okusakaza bukhoma, izimpondo ezihambisanayo, ukushintsha kwenethiwekhi, namanye amadivaysi afana nejeneretha, imigqa yokufaka yomsindo nevidiyo, njll. Nakuba i-STL ye-microwave iqukethe i-STL antenna, i-STL transmitter&STL. umamukeli. Uhlelo lwe-STL lusetshenziselwa ukuxhuma izitudiyo zakho nesizinda somshini wokuthumela futhi luqinisekise ikhwalithi yomsindo womsindo.

   

#2 FM Radio Transmitters

 

Imishini ebalulekile yokwakha isiteshi somsakazo se-FM esiyisisekelo, esenzelwe ukucubungula amasignali e-FM futhi yathunyelwa ekusakazeni izimpondo

   

#3 Isistimu Yokusakaza Ye-Antenna FM

Kubandakanya ama-antenna okusakaza, imigqa yokuphakelwa kwe-antenna, izintambo ze-coaxial, izixhumi zezintambo, nezinye izesekeli ze-antenna. Uhlelo lwe-antenna lubaluleke njengabasakazi be-FM. Ngezindawo eziningi ze-antenna iza nenzuzo eyengeziwe ye-antenna ukuze kufinyelelwe ekudluliseni okusebenzayo

   

#4 FM Combiners for Antenna

 

Ngenxa yezindleko eziphakeme zezimpondo eziningi kanye nesikhala esilinganiselwe sombhoshongo wokusakaza, isihlanganisi se-FM singanciphisa ngokuphawulekayo izindleko zohlelo lokusakaza lwe-FM ngokuthatha amandla okukhipha ku-amplifier yamandla futhi siwahlanganise abe wuhlelo olulodwa lwe-antenna ye-FM.

   

#5 Antenna Waveguide dehydrators

 

Ekwaziwa nangokuthi i-radio air compressor, iyisisetshenziswa esibalulekile esisetshenziselwa ukunikeza umoya owomile nocindezelwe emigqeni yokudlulisela eqinile, evame ukubonakala eziteshini ezinkulu zomsakazo.

   

#6 FM Izikhulisamandla

 

Isetshenziselwa ukubamba amasiginali avela ku-FM Exciter futhi inwebeke emandleni asetshenziswe nguwe ngokusemthethweni

   

#7 FM Stereo Generators

 

Imisebenzi ngokugcizelelwa kwangaphambili kanye nokuhlunga kwephasi eliphansi, ijeneretha yestereo ye-FM isetshenziselwa uhlelo lwangaphandle lokucubungula umsindo we-FM, ukusiza ukwehlisa umthelela wokuxutshwa komamukeli okubangelwa izindlela eziningi nokudlulisa i-baseband eyinhlanganisela ye-AES MPX ephelele kusijabulisa. Ukufingqa, ijeneretha ye-FM stereo iyisiguquli esingamukela amasiginali(umsindo) bese siwadlulisela kufomethi yebhendi ye-FM.

   

#8 Izishintshi Zomsindo Ezihlanganisiwe ze-Stereo

 

Ukushintsha okokusebenza okusetshenziselwa ukushintsha umsindo we-stereo phakathi kwamajeneretha e-FM (uma enamaningi)

   

#9 FM Exciters

 

Amadivayisi asetshenziselwa ukubamba amasiginali omsindo we-FM Stereo Baseband evela ku-FM Stereo Generator noma i-Composite Stereo Audio Switcher

   

#10 Ukushintsha kwe-Antenna

 

Idivaysi esetshenziselwa ukushintsha phakathi kwezimpondo zokusakaza ezisetshenziswa nezinye izinto zokusakaza ezisakaza njenge-radio transmitter nomamukeli.

   

#11 RF isilawuli kude

 

Umshini ophathwa kalula ongenazintambo osetshenziselwa ukukhulula iziyalezo ze-RF ezikude emishinini yokusakaza (asikho isidingo sokukhomba ngqo emishinini), futhi, uma kunezinhlelo eziningi zokusakaza zezinti, iqapha uhlelo lokudlulisa i-RF futhi inikeze izexwayiso lapho uhlelo ahambanga kahle.

6 Izisetshenziswa Ezivamile Eziyisipele esiteshini somsakazo we-FM

 

1. Ama-air conditioner

 

ukuze unikeze umoya opholile wezisetshenziswa kanye nolwazi lomsakazo olungcono kakhulu lwezivakashi zakho  (ikakhulukazi igumbi lesitudiyo kanye negumbi lobunjiniyela).

  

2. I-UPS

 

Okwaziwa ngokuthi ukunikezwa kwamandla okunganqamuki (i-UPS), lolu uhlobo lwempahla kagesi eyisipele esetshenziselwa ukuvikela impahla yehadiwe esiteshini somsakazo lapho ukuphazamiseka kwamandla ngephutha kwenzeka. Ukufinyelela lokho, i-UPS inikeza amandla anele ezimo eziphuthumayo futhi ingasetshenziswa hhayi nje endaweni encane njengehhovisi kodwa nendawo enkulu engaphansi kwedolobha. Isikhathi esivamile esihlala njalo se-UPS sizoba yimizuzu embalwa kuphela (ngokusekelwe kumandla okukhiphayo), kodwa senele ngokwanele ukugcinwa kobuchwepheshe bejeneretha.

  

3. Iziphehli zikagesi

 

Ucezu lwesisetshenziswa esisetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza amandla kagesi aguqulwa asuka kumandla ayimishini kanye nokuphakelwa esiteshini somsakazo

  

4. Ifenisha

 

Ukuhlinzeka ngendawo yamahhala yezinhlelo zokusebenza ezahlukene, isb, indawo yedeski yokubeka okokusebenza kokusakaza estudiyo njengamakrofoni nenqubo yomsindo, indawo yokuphumula yezihambeli zomsakazo, njll.

  

5. Kudivayisi yomoya

 

ihlanganisa ukukhanya komoya kanye newashi lasemoyeni. Esitudiyo somsakazo esingompetha, ilambu lomoya liwumshini oyisixwayiso ongabekwa odongeni, ikakhulukazi elisetshenziselwa ukunaka abantu abangahle bagqekeze bengaqondile ezindaweni lapho usakaza khona bukhoma (futhi bonakalise izinhlelo zakho ngenhlanhla. ).

 

Futhi-ke, futhi kuyithuluzi elibalulekile lokubonisa ukuthi isiteshi sakho sisebenza kahle kangakanani futhi ukhumbuze wonke umuntu ukuthi athule esigcawini sokusakaza bukhoma. kuyilapho iwashi lasemoyeni liwucezu lolwazi olukhumbuza imisebenzi yedivayisi ngesibonisi sesikhathi nedethi, isibali-sikhathi sokubala phansi, ukuphazamiseka kwesikhangiso, njll.

  

6. Igwebu le-Studio Acoustic Wedges

 

Iphaneli yegwebu elenziwe nge-polyurethane/polyether/polyester futhi elisikwe ngesimo se-cuboid, elivame ukusetshenziselwa ukuvikela umsindo esiteshini somsakazo ngokunciphisa amaza omsindo osemoyeni, linciphisa ubude bawo ukuze lilawule imisindo.

3 AmaSoftware Asetshenziswa Kakhulu ku-FM Radio Studio

1. Isoftware Yokucubungula Okuqukethwe Okulalelwayo

Isibonelo, isofthiwe yenkampani yangaphandle ezenzakalelayo neyokudlala esetshenziselwa ukucubungula umsindo: ukudlala amaphodikasti, ukuxuba amasignali omsindo, ukulinganisa komsindo, nokuminyanisa umsindo, njll.)

2. Isofthiwe Yeshejuli Yokusakaza Okuzenzakalelayo

Okusebenza kakhulu ekusakazeni bukhoma okungu-24/7.

3. Isofthiwe yokusakaza umsindo

Lezi zinhlelo zokusebenza zizosetshenziswa uma ufuna ukungenelela ngesikhathi sangempela noma ukusakaza bukhoma zonke izinhlelo.

Kuyini Ukusakaza Futhi Kusebenza Kanjani?
 

Usawusebenzisa umsakazo? Uma uhlala kwezinye izindawo ezithuthukisiwe, amadivaysi ahlakaniphile afana nomakhalekhukhwini namakhompyutha asevele ayingxenye yempilo yansuku zonke, kodwa kwezinye izindawo ezingathuthukisiwe, imishini yokusakaza efana nezamukeli zomsakazo we-FM, ibaluleke njengokudla.

  

Kusho ukuthi KUNGANI kumuntu, kodwa impendulo ilula kakhulu ithi: emazweni nasezifundeni ezinengqalasizinda esemuva, izinga lokuphila lilinganiselwe, futhi umsakazo uvame ukuba ukuphela kwendlela yokuzijabulisa. Kulawo mazwe nezifunda ezingathuthukile, ukusebenzisa umsakazo kusenezinzuzo eziningi, isibonelo, umsakazo usebenza njengomthombo wolwazi onezindleko eziphansi, futhi kuyindlela yokuzijabulisa esetshenziswa kakhulu eyamukela ababukeli abaningi.

  

Ngaphezu kwalokho, umsakazo ungesinye seziteshi ezingcono kakhulu zokudlulisa ulwazi ezinekhwalithi ephezulu nokulawula ukusebenza kahle ekunqandeni ubhubhane lwe-COVID-19. Abasakazi bedolobha bendawo noma iziteshi zomsakazo zomphakathi ziyakwazi ukusakaza ulwazi lokuvimbela ubhubhane ngolimi lwendawo, okusiza abantu bendawo ukuthi bafunde i-COVID-19 "Kanjani Futhi Kungani" futhi kwengeze ukuzethemba kubalaleli ngale ndlela yokuxhumana yasendaweni yamasiko.

  

Umsakazo uyingxenye encane yokusakaza okungenantambo, into ebaluleke kakhulu isiteshi somsakazo - njengendawo yokudlulisa isignali. I-COVID-19 iya iba yimbi kakhulu, ukusakazwa kwemisakazo yomphakathi, ukusakazwa kwemisakazo yasemalokishini, kanye nezinsiza zokusakaza zomsakazo ngaphandle kokuthintana nazo ezifana namasonto okungena ngemoto kanye nemidlalo yaseshashalazini sekungenye yezindlela zokuzijabulisa eziphephe kakhulu emazweni amaningi athuthukile nasathuthuka kancane nezifunda. "Singenza okungaphezu nje kokuthandaza nxazonke."

 

Ukusakazwa komsakazo okuvamile - okuholwa ukusakazwa kwe-LPFM (okuncane&kwangasese), okuhlanganisa ukusakaza kwe-HPFM (okukhulu&kokuhweba), ukusakaza kwe-AM (kusasebenza), ukusakazwa kwe-TV (kubiza kakhulu)

  

Ukusakazwa komsakazo okusha - okuholwa ukusakazwa kwedijithali (isitudiyo se-IP), ukusakazwa kwemidiya okusafufusa ku-inthanethi.

  

Into eyodwa eqinisekile eziteshini zomsakazo ezivela emazweni athuthukile nasezindaweni ezithuthukile: esiteshini somsakazo esingochwepheshe, izindleko zemishini eyengeziwe zihlale zenza isiteshi sisezingeni eliphezulu.

  

Ingabe lokhu kusebenza ngendlela efanayo emazweni nasezindaweni ezingakathuthuki? Nakanjani HHAYI. Sinamakhasimende amaningi avela emazweni nezindawo ezingakathuthukisiwe. izinto eziyisisekelo zesiteshi somsakazo ezifana nesidlulisi somsakazo we-FM esinamandla aphansi, izimpondo ezimbalwa zokusakaza, izesekeli zezinti, namaphakheji emishini yesitudiyo, njll. yikho konke okuceliwe ekuqaliseni kwabo ukusakaza umsakazo. La makhasimende ngokuvamile aphuma emiphakathini esemadolobhaneni athile amancane, asakaza umsakazo emadolobheni noma emiphakathini engomakhelwane eseduze nesiteshi somsakazo. Bathola ukuduma okukhulu ngokusakazwa komsakazo wendawo ngemishini yomsakazo kubiza amashumi ezinkulungwane zama-USD, okungaphansi kakhulu kwalokho okwakulotshwe ohlelweni lwabo lokuqalisa umsakazo.

  

Ngakho-ke, izinga lobungcweti lomsakazo osakazela kuwo akusho kangako kubalaleli bendawo. Kusho ukuthini-ke okuningi? - Kunezinhlelo zomsakazo ezizosakazwa futhi abantu bangalalela ngesamukeli somsakazo kusho lukhulu.

  

Amanye amakhasimende asuka emazweni athuthukile anezabelomali eziphakeme futhi afuna ikhwalithi yomkhiqizo ehamba phambili. Bathanda izixazululo eziphelele ze-turnkey zesiteshi somsakazo ngentengo ephezulu, futhi amathuluzi okusakaza afakiwe angasetshenziswa kwezinye iziteshi zomsakazo ezinkulu, njengeziteshi zomsakazo zedolobha noma iziteshi zomsakazo zesifunda.

  

Uma unesabelomali esincane futhi udinga kuphela ukumboza amamayela ambalwa, imishini yokusakaza yomsakazo ye-LPFM ingahlangabezana nezidingo zakho; Uma unesabelomali esanele futhi ufuna ukwandisa ukusabalala kwakho kube ngaphezu kwamashumi amamayela, iziteshi zomsakazo ze-HPFM zingaba yisinqumo esihle.

Izinhlobo Ezi-3 Eziyinhloko Zezinsiza Zomsakazo We-FM

 

Ekusakazweni komsakazo we-FM, uhlu lokuhlola lwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo se-FM esiphelele luhlanganisa izinhlobo ezintathu eziyisisekelo zemishini yokusakaza:

 

#1 Izisetshenziswa Zokwenza Ikhophi Ejwayelekile

Imishini efana ne-air conditioner, amafeni, noma ifenisha efana namadeski nezihlalo

  

#2 Ukudluliswa kwe-FM Isisetshenziswa

Iningi lifaka egunjini lobunjiniyela bomsakazo ukuze lisakaze umsakazo kubasebenzisi bokugcina.

#3 FM Radio Studio Izinsiza

 

- Iningi lisetshenziswa kustudiyo somsakazo njengemishini yokucubungula umsindo esekupheleni

- Iningi lisetshenziswa kustudiyo somsakazo ukufaka amasiginali omsindo wezinhlelo zomsakazo ezilethwa umsingathi noma izivakashi.

 

Uma ufuna ukusakaza izinhlelo ezilalelwayo ngekhwalithi ephezulu kumafrikhwensi omsakazo, kusadingeka ukuba nemishini yokusakaza engcono kakhulu yomsakazo.

 

Ungakhohlwa ukusebenza komkhiqizo nokuthenga ulwazi oluhlobene nezindleko. Okubaluleke kakhulu ukusakazwa komsakazo okusemthethweni, okudinga ukusebenza ngaphansi kwemithetho esungulwe abaphathi bomsakazo wendawo, njengemvume yomsakazo noma imfuneko yebhendi yokusakaza. Isiteshi somsakazo se-LPFM esiyisisekelo singadinga imishini yokusakaza yemikhiqizo emikhulu embalwa kunesiteshi somsakazo we-FM esithengisayo (isizathu esibiza kakhulu), kodwa noma kunjalo, ukudala uhlu lokuhlola lwemishini yokusakaza ephelele kusasho lukhulu kunoma yiluphi uhlobo lwesiteshi somsakazo, nalo futhi. isebenzela umsakazo we-AM kanye nomsakazo weDijithali.

 

Yiziphi izinto engizidingayo ukuze ngiqale isiteshi somsakazo we-FM?

 

#1 Izisetshenziswa zokusakaza ze-FM

 

- Ama-FM Broadcast Transmitters

- Uhlelo lwe-FM Antennas (izimpondo zomsakazo we-FM ezinezesekeli ezifana nezintambo)

- I-Studio to Transmitter Link Equipment (ama-STL transmitters, abamukeli be-STL, izimpondo ze-STL)

 

#2 Izisetshenziswa Zokucubungula Umsindo

 

- Iphrosesa yemakrofoni

- Iphrosesa yomsindo

- Ikhonsoli ye-USB Mixer

- Ikhadi Lomsindo le-USB langaphandle (uma ufuna ukwenza ukusakaza bukhoma noma ukuqoshwa bukhoma)

- Ishuna ye-FM

- Iphaneli Yethalente

- Iphaneli Yenkinobho (I-GPIO-General Purpose Input/Output)

 

#3 Isisetshenziswa Sokufaka Umsindo

 

- Imakhrofoni

- Ama-headphone

- Umsabalalisi wamahedfoni

- Boom Arm

- Isihlungi se-Pop

- Imakrofoni Stand (Mic Arms)

- Sakaza isikrini somoya

- Active Izipikha Monitors

- Qapha Umsindo

- Abaqaphi Bensimu Eseduze

- Sound Level Amamitha

- Isidlali se-CD

- Izipikha (Cue/Buka kuqala Isipikha & Izipikha Ze-Studio Monitor)

 

#4 Imishini yesivakashi

 

- I-Radio Intercommunication Device: eyaziwa nangokuthi i-intercom yomsakazo noma i-interphone yomsakazo, iyithuluzi lokuxhumana elisetshenziswa njengohlelo lwenethiwekhi yocingo oluncikile esiteshini somsakazo.

- Phila ucingo Izinsiza: esetshenziswa ukwenza amakholi bukhoma ngocingo noma GSM, yaziwa nangokuthi Ucingo Talkback System

- Izipele zomsindo: Izidlali ze-CD, Imishini ye-DAT, Izidlali Zediski Elincane, namathebula aJika, njll.

- Isisetshenziswa Sokufaka Umsindo: Imakrofoni, Omahedfoni nezihlungi ze-Pop, njll.

 

#5 Imishini ye-Rack room

 

- Computer: isetshenziselwa ukuthumela imiyalelo yokulawula enembile futhi iqinisekise ukusebenza okuzinzile nokuphephile kwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo, ivamise ukusebenza ngendlela yeseva efakwe i-rack esiteshini somsakazo we-FM

 

- Amadrayivu e-hard disk yokugcina umsindo: idivayisi yesitoreji yesimo esiqinile eziteshini zokusakaza zomsakazo ezisetshenziselwa ukuhlunga noma ukucubungula noma izinto ezilalelwayo ezilungele ukusakazwa, amathiphu: khumbula njalo ukuba nesipele sesibuko sedrayivu yakho. Isipele sesibuko singenye yezindlela ezilula kakhulu nezishesha kakhulu zokulondoloza. Uma ususa ifayela emthonjeni, ifayela lizogcina lisusiwe kusipele sesibuko futhi asikho isidingo sokucindezela noma yikuphi okuqukethwe (ngoba ikhophi yasenqolobaneni yesibuko empeleni iyikhophi enembile yakho konke okuqukethwe kukhompuyutha)

 

- I-KVM Extender: I-KVM extender yaziwa ngokuthi Ukushintsha Kwe-KVM, Ukushintsha Kwe-PC, Ukushintsha Kweseva, Nokushintsha Kwe-CPU, kuyilapho i-KVM imele ikhibhodi, ividiyo, negundane. Isebenza ngendlela yokuthwebula amasiginali okokufaka okujikelezayo, bese ivumela abasebenzisi ukuthi balawule amakhompyutha angu-2 noma ngaphezulu ngekhibhodi eyodwa negundane. I-KVM extender isiza ukwehlisa ukudideka okubangelwa indawo yedeski enganele ngenxa yokusetshenziswa ngesikhathi esisodwa kwamakhibhodi amaningi namamonitha ngumsebenzisi wokugcina.

 

- Injini Yokuxuba Okulalelwayo: idivayisi yokuhlanganisa yomsindo esetshenziselwa ukunikeza ukuqapha okuphelele kwayo yonke imiyalo yohlelo olubanzi (isikhungo sokuxhumana sawo wonke ama-peripheral asekelwe ku-IP). Izinhlobo ezivame kakhulu zine-IP eminingi, umsindo, ama-plugin wamandla, nemisebenzi yomzila nokuxuba.

 

- Umzila Womsindo: idivayisi eyamukelayo neshintshayo yomsindo iletha okokufaka komsindo okusuka kumshini othize futhi iwaguqule abe okokukhiphayo okuzwakalayo okulungile.

 

- I-Audio I/O Node: indlela yokwenza uhambo oluya nokubuya lwe-analog noma amasignali e-AES adluliselwe kumaphakethe we-IP, okukuvumela ukuthi ulungiselele umzila ngesixhumi esibonakalayo esisekelwe kuwebhu ngokufaka okuningi nokuphumayo (amanodi amaningi anakho).

 

- I-Studiohub: ngokuvamile ibhekisela kuzinga lezintambo ze-Studiohub ukuze kuxhunywe umsindo we-analog nomsindo we-AES phezu kwezixhumi zomsindo ze-RJ-45 noma i-RJ45 kuzintambo zekhebula lomsindo elibhalansile/elingalingani. PS: “I-RJ” ku-RJ45 isifinyezo se-Registered Jack, okuyigama elijwayelekile elatholakala ekuqaleni kwawo-1970 ekuxhumaneni kwezingcingo ngohlelo lwe-USOC (Universal Service Ordering Code) lohlelo lweBell.

 

- I-Network Patch Bay: idivayisi yezintambo esebenzisa izintambo ukuxhuma amakhompyutha enethiwekhi kunethiwekhi yendawo yendawo futhi ixhume kolayini bangaphandle okuhlanganisa i-inthanethi noma amanye amanethiwekhi wendawo ebanzi (WAN). Njengedivayisi esetshenziswa njengebhodi lokushintsha elimile, i-Network Patch Panel ingasetshenziselwa ukuxhuma nokuphatha izintambo ze-fiber optic futhi ixhume wonke amadivayisi nge-Network Patch Panel kanye nezintambo ze-Cat6. Iphaneli ye-patch inganikeza ukuphathwa kwezintambo okulula nokunembile kunethiwekhi, futhi ukuguquguquka kwayo okukhulu kunciphisa ubunzima bokulungiswa kwephutha lobuchwepheshe: lapho okuqukethwe kudinga ukushintshwa noma kwehluleka okudingeka kulungiswe, asikho isidingo sokuphinda kufakwe izintambo noma ukuhambisa noma yikuphi. imishini, kanye nokulungiswa kobuchwepheshe nakho kungafinyelelwa kalula.

 

- Ikhebula lomsindo: ulayini wokuxhumanisa okulalelwayo osetshenziselwa ukudlulisa amasignali omsindo (i-analog/digital) isuka emthonjeni womsindo iye endaweni eyamukelayo njengesipika. Izintambo ezisetshenziswa kakhulu yizintambo ze-analog RCA, ezazibizwa nangokuthi i-jack, i-cinch, ne-coaxial (ekuqaleni yaqanjwa ngokusekelwe ekwakhiweni kwazo noma izixhumi esikhundleni sezinhlobo)

 

- I-Punch-down Block: idivayisi yokunqamula ikhebula, lapho izintambo zixhunywe khona ezindaweni ezingazodwana, kuvamile kwezokuxhumana, kodwa futhi kutholakala kakhulu ezikhungweni zokusakaza ezindala.)

 

- Ukushintsha Kwenethiwekhi: ibhulokhi yokulawula ebalulekile (ongakukhetha kusukela kumadivayisi asekelwe ku-hardware yokuphathwa kwamanethiwekhi aphathekayo noma isofthiwe yokuphatha okubonakalayo ) esetshenziselwa ukuxhumeka kwamadivayisi amaningi asekelwe kunethiwekhi njengamakhompyutha, namanye amadivayisi e-inthanethi yezinto (IoT) afana nezilandeleli zokusungula ezingenantambo . Iswishi yenethiwekhi isebenza ngendlela ehlukile kunerutha yenethiwekhi: ithumela amaphakethe edatha phakathi kwamadivayisi esikhundleni sokuwathumela kumanethiwekhi, okwenza kube nothelawayeka oxhumanayo wokwabelana ngolwazi phakathi kwamadivayisi axhunyiwe. Futhi, ukusetshenziswa kweswishi yenethiwekhi kusiza ukuphatha ithrafikhi engena noma ephuma kunethiwekhi futhi kugcina amasignali kagesi angahlanekezelwe, njll.

 

- Irutha Yenethiwekhi: noma isango elizenzakalelayo, elaziwa ngokuthi idivayisi eshintshayo esetshenziselwa kakhulu ukufinyelela ku-inthanethi: ukuthumela nokwamukela amaphakethe edatha kumanethiwekhi ekhompyutha ngoxhumano oluqondile kwimodemu ngokusebenzisa izintambo zekhebula, iphinde isetshenziselwe ukuhlanganisa amanethiwekhi noma uxhumano lwe-VPN. Irutha yenethiwekhi isebenza ngendlela ehlukile kune-Network Switch: ithumela amaphakethe edatha kumanethiwekhi esikhundleni sokuwathumela phakathi kwamadivayisi, esiza ukukhetha umzila ongcono kakhulu "wohambo olumangalisayo" lokwabelana ngolwazi (okomuntu siqu nokwentengiso) phakathi kwamanethiwekhi omhlaba wonke ekhompyutha, kanye Yebo, ukugcina ulwazi luphephile ekugebheni i-IT, ukusabisa, njll.

 

- Iphrosesa Yomsindo Yokusakaza Emoyeni: ucezu lwemishini yokucubungula yomsindo enamabhendi amaningi esetshenziswa nesidluliseli somsakazo esiteshini somsakazo, esisetshenziswa kakhulu ukuphatha ukushintshwa okuphezulu kwesidlulisi ngokulawula isiqeshana (i-bass clipper ne-master clipper) kanye nedijithali ye-MPX Stereo Generator. Iphrosesa yomsindo we-FM nayo isetshenziselwa ukuthuthukisa okokufaka komsindo, isibonelo, ukwenza ngokwezifiso umsindo womoya kungenza izwi lesiginesha elikhethekile esiteshini somsakazo esithengisayo.

 

- I-RDS Encoder: idivayisi engadlulisa amasignali omsakazo we-FM, amasignali e-RDS (ulwazi lwedijithali) njengolwazi lomkhiqizo, ulwazi lohlelo lomsindo, nolunye ulwazi lwesiteshi. I-RDS ifushanisiwe ohlelweni lwedatha yomsakazo, okubhekiselwe kuzinga lokuxhumana le-European Broadcasting Union (EBU), leli zinga lidale izinga eliphakeme lekhwalithi yesiginali kanye nokuhlanzeka kwe-spectral ekudluliselweni kwesiteshi somsakazo we-FM, futhi liphinde lidale ngokugcwele. imvelo yedijithali yabaqhubi beziteshi zomsakazo.

 

- Imishini ye-Telephone Hybrid: Ingxube yocingo isetshenziswa kakhulu ukunika amandla ukuqopha noma ukusakaza ingxoxo phakathi komshayi ucingo nomethuli noma ukusebenzisa abafonayo bukhoma noma izintatheli ekusakazeni umsakazo. Umshini we-Telephone Hybrid waziwa njenge-hybrid yocingo esakazwayo noma iyunithi yebhalansi yocingo noma imfoloko yocingo, ehlinzeka ngokuxhumana phakathi kolayini ojwayelekile wocingo kanye nekhonsoli yokuxuba futhi iguqule phakathi kwezinhlobo zezintambo ezimbili kanye nezintambo ezine zezindlela zomsindo eziqondiswa kabili. Ukusetshenziswa kwemishini ye-Telephone Hybrid kuthola inzuzo elula phakathi kocingo kanye ne-mixing console, ngakho-ke ifaneleka kakhulu ukusetshenziswa endaweni, ngaphandle kwalokho, futhi inganciphisa izindleko zokushaya kuphela kodwa futhi nengozi yocingo lwe-VoIP kanye nezingcingo ze-analog zendabuko, futhi udale ukuphathwa okuphumelelayo ngisho nangesikhathi somthwalo ophezulu.

 

- I-PABE (I-Private Automatic Branch Exchange): uhlelo lokushintsha ifoni oluzenzakalelayo oluphethwe izinhlangano ezizimele, olwakhelwe ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zemigqa eminingi yamakholi angaphakathi nangaphandle. I-PABE ifushanisiwe ekushintsheni kwegatsha okuzenzakalelayo, ingenye yezixazululo eziyimfihlo ezidingekayo esiteshini somsakazo. I-PABE ivumela ukuncishiswa kwezindleko zokusebenzisa amanethiwekhi ocingo omphakathi ngoba izingcingo zangaphakathi zingashayelwa mahhala ngezintambo ezimbalwa zocingo zomphakathi. I-PABE iphinde ithuthukise ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi esiteshini somsakazo, ngezinkinobho ezimbalwa ezenziwe ukuze zicindezelwe zingashayelana ucingo ngaphakathi.

 

- I-FM Off-Air Receiver: uhlelo lomsakazo we-FM olubonakala kakhulu eziteshini zomsakazo we-pro neziphathimandla ezilawulayo, olusetshenziselwa ukuqapha isignali phakathi nohlelo lomsakazo noma ukuletha okuphakelayo komsindo wekhwalithi ephezulu ukuze kusatshalaliswe uhlelo kuso sonke isikhungo sokusakaza nge-analog eguquguqukayo ne-AES digital okuphumayo komsindo. Ukusetshenziswa kwesamukeli esingekho emoyeni kwehlisa izindleko zokuqapha okuhlukene kwemisakazo eminingi, futhi ngokulandelana kunyusa ikhwalithi nokuqhubeka kokuqapha okuvamile.

 

- Isistimu yokuqapha: idivayisi esebenza ngokuqapha nokulinganisa komsakazo we-FM, okwenza amasiginali we-FM aphindaphindwe ama-multiplex ukuthi akhiqizwe futhi adluliselwe phakathi kwamadivayisi ahlukene ngesihlungi sedijithali esakhelwe ngaphakathi. I-Modulation Monitor / FM Analyzer enhle ivamise ukuvumela Ukuxhumana kwe-GSM ngeModemu ye-GSM yangaphandle yokuzithandela, ukuze kube nokuqapha isimo sesiteshi noma uthole amasiginali omsindo ngomakhalekhukhwini wakho nganoma yisiphi isikhathi nendawo.

 

- I-server Rack: isakhiwo sesikhala esivaliwe esenziwe ngensimbi esisetshenziselwa ukugcina, imishini yokusakaza ye-rack engaphezu kwamayunithi angu-6 (ongakukhetha kusuka kumayunithi angu-1-8). I-server rack ingapakishwa noma inwetshwe ngenxa yokuguquguquka kwayo, futhi izinhlobo ezivame kakhulu ze-server rack yi-1U, 2U, kanye ne-4U (8U ingakhethwa kodwa ibonakale kancane), esiteshini esikhulu somsakazo, i-19 ″ yokuphakelwa kwecala imodeli ekahle kakhulu yemishini yokubeka. Ukusetshenziswa kwe-server rack kusiza ukunciphisa ukusetshenziswa kwendawo yaphansi yemishini yokusakaza yomsakazo, ukwenza lula izintambo zemishini kanye nokugcinwa kobuchwepheshe, ukuhlanganisa izinsiza ezilinganiselwe phakathi kwesikhala esincane sokubeka, isibonelo, ukuhlanganisa ukugeleza komoya okupholisa phakathi, ukuhlela isikhala sangaphakathi esinwebeka kakhulu. , kanye nokuphathwa okudidiyelwe kokuxhumana okungcono nokulula, njll. Iseva ye-rack iphinde iqinisekise indawo yokusebenza engcono: ukuvikela umfana wezobuchwepheshe ekulimazeni ukungqubuzana ngengozi noma ukuthintwa umfudlana kagesi wamandla kagesi aphezulu wezinto zokusebenza, izintambo, njll.

 

- IP codec yomsindo: idivayisi yomsindo esetshenziselwa ukuguqula amasiginali omsindo (i-analogi iye kudijithali), umbhalo wekhodi womsindo, nokugcina. Amasiginali omsindo azothunyelwa ngawo womabili amanethiwekhi e-IP (i-Broadband enentambo) kanye namanethiwekhi omsakazo angenantambo (3G, 3.5G, kanye ne-4G) ngamakhodekhi omsindo we-IP asebenzisa ama-algorithms okucindezela umsindo. Ama-codec omsindo we-IP asetshenziswa kakhulu ekusabalaliseni ibanga nasekudlulisweni kwezimpawu zomsindo ezisezingeni eliphezulu, isibonelo, ukusakazwa komsindo we-IP okude nokusatshalaliswa komsindo kwezixhumanisi eziningi ze-STL (izixhumanisi zesitudiyo zokudlulisa noma izixhumanisi ze-STL) noma amanethiwekhi/iziteshi/amanxusa/izitudiyo.

 

- Sakaza Isathelayithi Receiver: ucezu lwemishini yokusakaza yomsakazo esetshenziselwa isathelayithi yokwamukela uhlelo lomsindo, nokusabalalisa umsindo oyedwa kuya kwabaningi ngenethiwekhi yesathelayithi yokuxhumana, isignali yomsakazo, i-antenna ye-FM yangaphandle, nesikhungo sokusakaza. Isamukeli sesathelayithi ngokuvamile sibonakala njengesinye semishini esemqoka kakhulu yezinhlelo zokusebenza zokusabalalisa umsindo, ezinezinhlobo ezihlukaniswe ngesamukeli se-HD, isamukeli esijwayelekile, isamukeli sedijithali esinerekhoda, kanye nesamukeli sesiteshi esibethelwe. Ukusetshenziswa kwabamukeli be-stateliite kuqonda ukuguquguquka kokusakaza komsindo okuphezulu.

 

- I-DAB+/DRM/HD Isifaki khodi somsakazo: okokusebenza kombhalo wehadiwe okusetshenziselwa ukudlulisa i-AES noma ukusakaza komsindo we-analogi kuphrothokholi efanele yezokuthutha emkhakheni we-DAB+, DRM, kanye ne-HD ezokuthutha zomsakazo. Isishumeki sezingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha siklanywe ngebhokisi elincane futhi eliphathekayo, sisebenza ngokuzinza futhi sinezindleko eziphansi zokuthenga kunesishumeki sesofthiwe esinomthombo ovulekile. I-PS: I-DAB+ iyindinganiso entsha yokusakaza yomsakazo ye-Digital Audio Broadcasting esetshenziswa emazweni amaningi nasezifundeni, ekuqaleni echazwe yi-WorldDAB Forum. I-DAB+ isebenza ngokungahambisani ne-DAB, okusho ukuthi umamukeli we-DAB akakwazi ukuthola ukusakazwa komsakazo we-DAB+. Mayelana nokusebenza kahle kwe-spectrum yomsakazo, i-DAB ingcono kunokusakazwa kwe-analog FM, i-DAB ingahlinzeka ngezinsizakalo zomsakazo eziningi ngomkhawulokudonsa ofanayo onikeziwe, ngoba ngokuvamile isebenzisa i-spectrum ngokuphumelelayo futhi inamandla kunomsindo wokulalela weselula kanye nokufiphala kwezindlela eziningi kune-analog FM. ukusakaza, nakuba i-FM inikeza indawo yokusakaza ebanzi, amasignali omsakazo nawo ayancipha. Amanye amazinga omsakazo wedijithali womhlaba wonke ahlanganisa i-HD Radio (i-Mexico ne-US), i-ISDB TB (e-Japan), i-DRM (I-Digital Radio Mondiale), i-CDR (e-China), ne-DMB ehlobene. Mayelana ne-DMB: ibhekisela ku-"Digital Radio Mondiale", kuyilapho i-Mondiale ibhekisela "kumhlaba wonke" ngesi-Italian nesiFulentshi. I-DRM iqoqo lobuchwepheshe bokusakaza okulalelwayo bedijithali obusetshenziswa kubhendi yefrikhwensi esebenzela ukusakazwa komsakazo we-analogi njenge-AM, igagasi elifushane, ne-FM.

 

- I-Audio Patch Bay: ihabhu yokushintsha izintambo esetshenziselwa ukubeka phakathi okokufaka nokuphumayo kwezingcezu ezihlukahlukene zemishini yomsindo. I-audio patch bay ifakwa kakhulu kuseva ye-rack ekamelweni lokubeka umsakazo, okuvumela isimo esingcono sokugcinwa kwezobuchwepheshe kanye nokuphathwa kwe-hardware efanelekile (asikho isidingo sokuhamba ukuze uxhumeke kaninginingi) ngokusebenzisa amasignali alalelwayo, okubaluleke kakhulu, yehlisa. izindleko zokushintsha okokusebenza: ukuxhunywa kabusha okuncane nokukhipha ipulaki cishe kugweme ukuguga nokudilika kwezindawo zokusebenzelana, okusho ubude besikhathi sokuphila komkhiqizo. Kunezinhlobo ezintathu eziyisisekelo ze-audio patch bay, okuyi-parallel patch bay, i-patch bay ewuhhafu, kanye ne-patch bay evamile, izindawo eziningi zokulalelwayo ziqukethe amaphaneli anemigqa yokuxhumana esetshenziselwa okokufaka nokukhipha umsindo kuyo, kuyilapho imigqa emibili. ngemuva, nemigqa emibili ngaphambili. I-audio patch bay ingasetshenziswa nezinye izinto zomsindo ezifana ne-audio processor, i-audio mixer, njll.

 

- Thulisa Isisetshenziswa Sokubona "Umoya Ofile".: idivayisi ekwazi ukubona isimo somoya ofile, ilawula izinga lomsindo wokufakwayo kwesiteshi somsakazo, futhi ithumele isexwayiso sokuthula nge-imeyili, i-SNMP, noma okuphumayo kwe-analog optocoupler. Umtshina wokuthula ubonakala kakhulu eziteshini zomsakazo eziqeqeshiwe naseziteshini ze-TV futhi ungasetshenziswa kalula nezinye izinto zokusakaza. Mayelana nomoya ofile: umoya ofile ubhekisela ekuphazamisekeni okungahlosiwe (okuvame ukuphuma umsindo) noma isikhathi sokuthula ekusakazeni kwabezindaba ngaphandle kwesignali, umsindo, noma ividiyo esakazwa kakhulu ngenxa yento embi yohlelo noma iphutha lomsebenzisi noma ngezizathu zobuchwepheshe. Umsakazo ungabonakala njengento embi kakhulu engake ilindeleke ikakhulukazi emsakazweni ongochwepheshe. Kumnikazi wesiteshi, umoya oshonile ungaletha ukulahlekelwa okukhulu ezicini eziningi, isibonelo, ukulahlekelwa yimali engenayo yokukhangisa exhaswe nabalaleli be-inthanethi. I-Delegation Switcher(ukushintsha phakathi kwezitudiyo neminye imithombo yomsindo, ukhetha okuya emoyeni)

 

- Ukubambezeleka kokusakaza: ithuluzi elisetshenziswa abasakazi ngendlela yokubambezela amasiginali okusakaza ukuze kuvinjwe amaphutha noma okuqukethwe okungamukeleki ukuthi kungasakazwa njengokuthimula, ukukhwehlela, noma amazwana amafushane adingekayo kumsingathi, ukubambezeleka kokusakaza kwaziwa nangokuthi ukubambezeleka kwenhlamba, kunikeza ngokwanele isikhathi (kusuka kumzuzu oyingxenye kuya emahoreni ambalwa ngaphezulu) ukuze abasakazi bahlole inhlamba yomsindo (nevidiyo) noma okunye okuqukethwe okungafanelekile ekusakazeni, futhi bakususe ngesikhathi esisodwa uma kwenzeka kuba namathonya amabi. Ukubambezeleka kokusakaza kubonakala kakhulu ekusakazweni komsakazo nasekusakazeni kwe-TV, njengomdlalo obukhoma, njll.

Kungani Udinga Ukugcina Isiteshi Sakho Somsakazo We-FM?

 

Ungayigcina kanjani leyo mishini yokusakaza ebizayo esiteshini somsakazo we-FM? Kumphathi-siteshi osakaza umsakazo, noma yimuphi umonakalo emshinini usho izindleko ezengeziwe zokuyilungisa kudingeka ikhokhwe. Ngakho-ke, ukuze ugcine intuthuko esimeme nenempilo futhi wehlise izindleko zakho, umuntu kufanele abe naleyo mishini igcinwe/ihlolwe masonto onke, ngekota, noma minyaka yonke esiteshini sokusakaza.

 

Ngokufaka kuhlu ulwazi olusebenzayo oluyireferensi olufana nezimiso zokusebenza nezindinganiso eziyisisekelo, lokhu kuhlanganyela kunganikeza ulwazi oluwusizo kakhulu lokulungisa kanye nezinyathelo zokuphepha zokulungiswa kwesiteshi somsakazo we-FM, okuhlanganisa imishini yokusakaza ye-FM kanye nempahla yesitudiyo somsakazo we-FM.

 

Lesi sabelo futhi siwumhlahlandlela omuhle wokunakekela osetshenziselwa ukuvimbela noma yikuphi ukulimala kwemishini yokusakaza okubangelwa ukuguga kwemishini nokusebenza okungafanele, njll. futhi inikeza izinyathelo okufanele zithathwe ngaphambi nangemva kokusungulwa kweziteshi ezithile zokusakaza, ezingasetshenziswa njengereferensi. ukuze umphathi siteshi enze izinqumo zokuxilongwa kwephutha kusenesikhathi.

 

Yazini ukuthi ngenxa yemishini ehlukene yokusakaza ye-RF endaweni yokusakaza ngayinye, izindlela zokulungisa zingase zidinge ukulungiswa zibe nezimo zangempela futhi lesi sabelo esokubhekisela kuphela.

 

Lokhu kungase kube ukungaqondi kahle kwabasebenzisi abaningi beziteshi zomsakazo:

 

1. Imishini yokusakaza ibiza kakhulu ukuthi ingalungiswa

2. Ukunakekela akudingekile ngoba kungadala umonakalo emishinini.

 

Nokho, ingabe kunjalo ngempela? Iqiniso liwukuthi: uma imishini yokusakaza ebiza kakhulu futhi eyinkimbinkimbi, kufanele kuhlolwe futhi kulungiswe ngezikhathi ezithile.

 

Okokuqala. ukunakekelwa okuvamile kungase futhi kunwebe isikhathi esiphezulu sesevisi yezinto zokusebenza esiteshini sakho, ngoba izindleko zokuthenga ezinye izisetshenziswa zokusakaza ziyamangalisa kakhulu.

 

Ngokulungiswa okufanele, umsakazo awudingi ukushintsha njalo leyo mishini yokusakaza ebizayo, okusiza umsakazo wonge izindleko ezinkulu zokushintsha imishini emisha yokusakaza efanayo.

 

Okulandelayo, kwezinye iziteshi zomsakazo ezisanda kusungulwa ze-LPFM, uma kudingeka impilo ende yesevisi yomkhiqizo noma ukuhanjiswa kwezimpawu zomsindo ezisezingeni eliphakeme zemishini yokusakaza, kuzobaluleka kakhulu ukuthi kube nokulungiswa ngezikhathi ezithile kwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo.

 

Okokugcina. okubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi isiteshi esisha noma isiteshi esidala, ukugcinwa njalo kwemishini kanye nesayithi lokudlulisa kungasiza onjiniyela bezokulungisa ukubikezela ezinye izinkinga ezibulalayo ezingase zithinte isiteshi sokusakaza kusengaphambili, futhi benze izinyathelo zokulungisa ngesikhathi ukuvimbela izinkinga. ngaphambi kokuba zenzeke.

 

Lokhu kungaqinisekisa ukuthi, isibonelo, uma umsakazi wakho usha ngokuzuma ngenxa yobudedengu bokunakekela noma ukuguga kwezingxenye ezithile, okubangela ukuthi uhlelo lomsakazo luyeke ukudlala, abalaleli bohlelo lomsakazo wakho bangase bakhononde bese beshintshela kwezinye izinhlelo. amafrikhwensi omsakazo ahlukene futhi nakanjani ishiya isesimweni esibi somsakazo: lokhu kungase kube kubi kakhulu kunokuntuleka kwemali yokuqala!

 

Hlala njalo uqaphele ukuthi ukusebenza ngendlela engafanele, ukulungiswa kanye nokulungisa izinto kungase kuholele ekulimaleni kwezinto zokusakaza futhi kufake engozini ukuphepha kwempilo kwabasebenzi abalungisa imishini.

 

Ngakho-ke, eziteshini zomsakazo eziningi ezisanda kusungulwa, ngaphezu kokuhlolwa nokunakekelwa ngezikhathi ezithile kwemishini yokusakaza, kuyonikezwa ukuqeqeshwa okudingekayo ukuze abasebenzi bathole ulwazi namakhono okulungisa, futhi bahlale becelwa ukuthi basebenzise amathuluzi okulungisa ngendlela efanele ukuze angakwazi ukwenza umsebenzi oqhubekayo wokulungisa isiteshi somsakazo masonto onke, nyanga zonke, ngekota noma ngonyaka.

Uhlu Lokuhlola Okujwayelekile Lokugcinwa Kwesiteshi Somsakazo Ukhozi FM

 

Uma umatasa kakhulu ukuthi ungakwazi ukufunda lawo mamanuwali amade noma udinga imininingwane yokugcina ukhiye kuphela, ngeke kube kubi ukuthatha amaminithi ambalwa ukuze uphequlule ngokushesha isifinyezo sokugcinwa komsakazo namathiphu alandelayo:

 

Kufanele wazi izinto

 

Funda imiyalelo yokusebenza ngokucophelela ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi ungakwazi ukusebenzisa okokusebenza ngokuphelele nangokuphephile, futhi ugcine imiyalelo yokusebenza ngendlela efanayo ukuze uyisebenzise esikhathini esizayo.

 

Uma kuba khona noma yibuphi ubunzima ekulungiseni kabusha okokusebenza, sicela usebenzise kahle ngaphansi kwemiyalelo noma uyinikeze unjiniyela olungisa izinto, noma uthintane nabakhiqizi bemishini yesiteshi.

 

Uma impahla yesiteshi sakho somsakazo ihlangabezana nanoma yisiphi kulezi zimo ezilandelayo, sicela ukhiphe ipulaki noma ucime iswishi enkulu kagesi kusenesikhathi bese uthintana nonjiniyela olungisa izinto kusenesikhathi.

 

1. Uma ucingo lwenza imisindo ehlukile, noma luyeka ukusebenza kungazelelwe, noma lunokukhanya okungajwayelekile kokufundisa noma okunye okuphambene nesimo salo esivamile sokusebenza.

 

2. If idivayisi yonakala kunoma yiziphi izimo: ukuwa, ukumanzisa, ukushiswa, ukuqhuma, ukugqwala, ukugqwala, nanoma iyiphi enye i-force majeure.

 

3. Uma idivayisi iwisiwe noma ilimele nganoma iyiphi indlela.

 

4. Uma idivayisi ibonisa izinguquko eziphawulekayo zokusebenza

 

5. Uma okokusebenza kuchayeke emvuleni noma emanzini.

 

Ukuxhumeka Komugqa

 

1. Ukunikezwa kwamandla: Ngaphambi kokuthenga noma iyiphi into esebenza ngogesi (okuhlanganisa nazo zonke izinhlobo zemishini yokusakaza), sicela uhlonze amandla kagesi ayo, uhlobo lokuphakelwa kukagesi, kanye nolunye ulwazi lwepharamitha ehlobene "nogesi" kusengaphambili. Uma uthenga abahlinzeki bemishini yomsakazo kwamanye amazwe, imikhiqizo ehlukene idinga ama-voltage ahlukene ngoba amazwe ahlukene asebenzisa izinhlelo ezihlukene zokudluliswa kwamandla. Lokhu kungase kuholele ezinhlotsheni ezahlukene zamandla nezimbobo zamandla (ungakwazi ukubona amagama athile afana no-220V ebhodini elingemuva lesidluliseli se-FM).

 

Uma ungakwazi ukuhlukanisa ngesikhathi noma ungazi ukuthi uhlukanise kanjani ngemva koku-oda, kungcono uthinte umphakeli wezisetshenziswa ukuze uthole esikhundleni somkhiqizo noma ubuyisele isevisi. Ungakwazi futhi ukufunda ngokucophelela okuqukethwe okufanelekile kubhukwana lomkhiqizo ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi uthatha isinyathelo kuqala sokuxhumana ngesevisi yangemuva kokuthengisa.

 

2. Ukuvikelwa kwentambo yamandla: intambo kagesi izohanjiswa ngendlela ukuze inganyathelwa noma iboshwe izinto ezibekwe kuyo noma ezincike kuyo. Naka ngokukhethekile izintambo kumapulaki namasokhethi alula kanye nezindawo zazo zokuphuma ezintweni zokusebenza.

 

Izintambo zamandla: isistimu ye-antenna yangaphandle akufanele ibe eduze kwezintambo zikagesi ezihamba phezulu noma amanye amalambu noma amasekhethi kagesi, noma lapho ingase iwele kulawo zintambo zikagesi noma amasekhethi. Lapho ufaka isistimu ye-antenna yangaphandle, qikelela kakhulu ukugwema ukuthinta izintambo zamandla ezinjalo noma amasekhethi, njengoba ukuzithinta kungase kubangele ukufa kwakho.

 

Ukulayisha ngaphezulu: ungalayishi kakhulu amasokhethi odongeni noma izintambo zokunweba njengoba lokhu kungabangela umlilo noma ukushaqeka kukagesi.

 

I-antenna yangaphandle egxilile: uma uthi lwe-antenna lwangaphandle noma isistimu yekhebula ixhunywe empahleni, qinisekisa ukuthi i-antenna noma isistimu yekhebula isekelwe ukuze inikeze ukuvikeleka okuthile ekukhuphukeni kwamandla kagesi kanye nokunqwabelana kwamashaji amile.

 

Ukucubungula Izinsiza kusebenza

 

Cleaning: Hlala ukhumbula ukuthi noma iziphi izinto eziwuketshezi ezengeziwe noma izihlanzi ezinjenge-aerosol azisizi ngalutho ekuhlanzeni into esetshenziswayo, kodwa indwangu yokuhlanza ethambile enomswakama kancane izwakala kangcono!

 

izesekeli: ungasebenzisi izesekeli ezinganconyiwe umenzi wemishini ngoba zingaba yingozi.

 

Phatha imishini ngokucophelela. Ukuphatha kabi, ukuma okusheshayo, amandla amaningi, kanye nokuhamba endaweni engalingani kungase kubangele ukuwa noma ukulimala kwezinto.

 

ukupholisa: Ngaso sonke isikhathi shiya isikhala esifanele sokudlula umoya ukuze imishini yomsakazo igweme ukushisa ngokweqile, lokhu kusho ukuthi UNGAZISHIYI izinto zesiteshi sakho ezindaweni ezithile ezincane nezivimbekile, futhi ushiye lezo zintuba zivuleke kakhulu kunokuba uzibeke eduze kwezinye izindawo eziqinile njenge. udonga noma umbhede. Futhi udinga ukwazi ngalokhu: yenza noma yikuphi ukulungisa kumshini kuphela uma ungunjiniyela onakekelayo, noma okokusebenza kungase kuphuke kalula ngenxa yokungasebenzi kahle.

 

Izindawo zokubuyiselwa: Uma izingxenye ezishintshwayo zidingeka, qiniseka ukuthi uchwepheshe wesevisi usebenzisa izingxenye ezishintshayo ezishiwo umenzi noma lezo ezinezici ezifanayo nezingxenye zangempela. Ukushintshwa okungagunyaziwe kungabangela umlilo, ukushaqeka kukagesi, noma ezinye izingozi.

 

Izincwajana zemininingwane

 

Amanzi nomswakama: ungasebenzisi okokusebenza eduze namanzi: isibonelo, eduze kukabhavu, indishi yokugezela, usinki wasekhishini noma indishi yokuwasha; Endaweni engaphansi emanzi; Noma eduze nedamu lokubhukuda nanoma iyiphi indawo efanayo emanzi noma enomswakama.

 

Ukuzinza: ungabeki okokusebenza endaweni engazinzile. Izinto ezisetshenziswayo zingase ziwe, zibangele ukulimala okubi kuwena noma kwabanye, futhi zidale umonakalo omkhulu emishinini. Kungcono ukufaka zonke izinto ezisetshenziswayo zokusakaza endaweni yokubeka noma kubakaki abatuswe umphakeli noma ukuzithengisa kanye nezinto zokusebenza.

 

Isibani: ukuze unikeze ukuvikeleka okwengeziwe kwezinto zakho zokusebenza ngesikhathi sokuduma kwezulu, noma lapho zishiywe zinganakiwe futhi zingasetshenziswa isikhathi eside, zikhiphe esokhethi odongeni futhi unqamule noma iyiphi i-antenna noma isistimu yekhebula. Lokhu kuzovimbela ukulimala kwezinto zokusebenza ezibangelwa umbani nokukhuphuka kwezintambo zikagesi.

 

Izinto kanye noketshezi: ungaphusheli noma yiluphi uhlobo lwezinto esisetshenziswayo ngembobo, njengoba zingase zihlangane namaphoyinti ayingozi kagesi noma izingxenye ze-short-circuit, okuholela ekulimaleni kwemishini, umlilo, noma ukushaqeka kukagesi. Futhi, nakekela okokusebenza komsakazo wakho, futhi ungavumeli ezinye izinto zibekwe phezu kwamathuluzi noma ezinye izinto ezingahlobene namanzi noma ezinye izinto eziwuketshezi ezizofakwa phezu kwezinto zokusebenza, azikwazi ukumelana nengcindezi noma ungangeni manzi.

 

Ukuhlolwa kokuphepha: ngemva kokuqeda noma iyiphi isevisi noma ukulungiswa komkhiqizo, cela uchwepheshe wesevisi ukuthi ahlole ukuphepha ukuze anqume ukuthi isisetshenziswa siyasebenza yini evamile.

 

Ukukhweza odongeni noma kusilingi: imishini ingafakwa kuphela ezindongeni noma ophahleni ngokuhambisana nezincomo zomenzi.

 

Heat: okokusebenza kufanele kugcinwe kude nemithombo yokushisa, njengama-radiator, izilawuli zokushisa, iziko, noma eminye imikhiqizo ephehla ukushisa (kuhlanganise nezikhulisa-msindo).

Ungasigcina kanjani Isiteshi somsakazo we-FM? 5 Izindlela Ezibalulekile

 

Ukugcinwa okujwayelekile

 

1.    Shintshanisa izingxenye zikagesi zemishini yokusakaza eyinhloko/ebekwe eceleni, njengeshubhu kagesi, njll

 

2.    Sebenzisa i-spectrum analyzer ukuze uhlole ukuthi i-harmonic inokubambezeleka okufanele yini, bese uskena uthi kanye nolayini wokudlulisa ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi imvamisa futhi inomkhawulokudonsa owanele wokudlulisa isignali ye-FM.

 

3.    Hlola ukuthi ithangi likagesi kanye nejeneretha kusebenza ngokujwayelekile yini. Uma uphethiloli usetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza amandla, hlola izinga likawoyela wawo bese uphinda ugcwalise ithangi likawoyela

 

4.    Hlola ukuthi upende ezindongeni zangaphakathi nezangaphandle zesayithi ziyafiphala noma ziyawa, bese ulungisa ngesikhathi

 

Weekly ukugcinwa jikelele

 

1.    Rekhoda irekhodi lomsebenzi kanye nedatha ekhethekile yemishini yokusakaza engumongo efana nesidluliseli sokusakaza kanye nezinhlelo ze-STL, njengamandla angavamile okudlulisela phambili / abonisiwe esidluliseli sokusakaza noma inani lamandla esignali yesistimu ye-STL, futhi wenze ukulungiswa kusenesikhathi. Ungakhohlwa umsebenzi wokulungisa ukugcwala kakhulu, hlola ukuthi akukho yini okungavamile ngokusetha kabusha noma yikuphi ukugcwala

 

2.    Gcina indawo yokusebenza yempahla yomile futhi icocekile, futhi uqinisekise ukuthi azikho izici ezingathi sína ezivela ngaphandle, njengokuvuza kwamanzi ophahleni, ukuvuza kukagesi kusokhethi, noma umoya ongena esiteshini ngenxa yokulimala odongeni. Hlanza igumbi ngesikhathi ukuze unikeze indawo yokusebenza enhle yabasebenzi abalungisayo

 

3.    Qinisekisa ubuqotho besistimu yokuqapha. Njengoba inani lemishini yegumbi lomsakazo liphezulu kakhulu, futhi kungenangqondo ukuthumela abasebenzi ukuthi bahlale ekamelweni lomsakazo (ikakhulukazi amanye amagumbi amancane omsakazo), kuyadingeka ukuhlola ukuthi uhlelo lokuqapha luphelile yini, kuhlanganise nohlelo lokuphakelwa kwamandla, ikhamera, ukuhlelwa kwekhebula, njll. uma kukhona umonakalo, izolungiswa ngesikhathi

 

Monthly ukugcinwa jikelele

 

1.    Ngaphezu kokuqedela umsebenzi wokulungisa ngamayunithi amasonto onke, kuyadingeka futhi ukwengeza ezinye izinto zokusebenza eziyisipele kanye namalogi aphelele we-multimeter, isibonelo, xhuma isidlulisi somsakazo esiyisipele esinomthwalo we-dummy, ukuze ugweme umoya oshonile womsakazo.

 

2.    Hlola ingqalasizinda engaphakathi kwegumbi lomshini, njengamapayipi, ithange likawoyela, ithange lamanzi, i-alamu yentuthu, ijeneretha, njll., ukuze uqinisekise ukusebenza okuvamile kwalezi ngqalasizinda, futhi ugweme ukuqhuma ngenxa yokucindezela okukhulu kwangaphakathi, okungase kubangele ukuvuza kwamapayipi athile, ukuvuza kukawoyela ethangini likawoyela ophehla ugesi nezinye izingozi

 

3.    Bheka ukuthi indawo ezungezile yesiteshi sokusakaza ivuleke ngokwanele yini, ikakhulukazi ehlobo lapho izitshalo zikhula ngendlela exakile. Ukuze uthole ukusabalala okubanzi kwe-antenna yokusakaza, kuyadingeka ukuqinisekisa ukuthi izikhala ezizungezile zivuleke ngokwanele. Uma kunesidingo, nquma lezo zimila ezinde

 

4.    Bheka ukuthi uthango lombhoshongo wokusakaza kanye nomhlabathi ophezu kombhoshongo kuqine ngokwanele yini, futhi ukhiye umnyango wombhoshongo ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi akekho ongangena kalula.

 

5.    Linganisa ithuluzi lesilawuli kude ngethuluzi lokudlulisela

 

Ngekota gukugcinwa kwamandla

 

Ngaphezu komsebenzi wokulungisa wanyanga zonke, ingqalasizinda ethile enganakiwe idinga ukunakekelwa kusenesikhathi, ikakhulukazi imishini ebalulekile yokusakaza, njenge-FM exciter nohlelo lwe-STL, okwamanje, isisefo somoya, isibani sombhoshongo, nokuhlolwa kopende, njll. nakho kuyalungiswa- okudingekayo

 

Isondlo Okufanele Ube Naso Unyaka

 

1.    Ngaphezu kokuphothula umsebenzi wokunakekela umsebenzi wekota, kuyadingeka futhi ukuthi kubhekwe amalayisensi nokugunyazwa kwawo wonke amagumbi omsakazo ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi wonke amalayisensi ebhizinisi abuyekeziwe. Uma abaphathi bomsakazo wendawo behlola igumbi, ngeke uhlawuliswe

 

2.    Hlanza ama-transmitter amakhulu / abekwe eceleni, kodwa qiniseka ukuthi enye yama-transmitter isesimweni sokusebenza. Hlola ukuthi ijeneretha namasekhethi ahlobene namathuluzi asebenza ngokujwayelekile yini

 

3.    Yenza ukuhlola okuphelele kohlelo lwe-antenna, okuhlanganisa uhlelo lokudlulisela, umbhoshongo wezinti, nengqalasizinda ehambisanayo.

 

Ingxenye yebhonasi: Izinto zokuzihlola ze-FCC

 

1.    Izinto ezijwayelekile: isibani sombhoshongo kanye nokuhlolwa kopende lombhoshongo

 

2.    Izinto zanyanga zonke: hlola ukuphepha kocingo lombhoshongo, qiniseka ukuthi uvikelekile futhi ukhiyiwe

 

3.    Izinto zekota: ukuhlola imvamisa yawo wonke ama-exciters, izamukeli ze-STL, izidluliseli ze-TSL, namalogi.

 

4.    Izinto zaminyaka yonke: ukuhlola ukunemba kwawo wonke amalayisensi nokugunyazwa, ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi wonke amalayisensi abuyekeziwe futhi azinzile ukuze ahlolwe.

 

Yiziphi Izindleko Ezi-4 Eziyinhloko Zesiteshi Somsakazo?

Uma unohlelo lolwazi oluchwepheshile lwemishini yokusakaza, ungaba umphathi wesiteshi sokusakaza noma isisebenzi esilungisa izinto zokusebenza.

 

Kodwa-ke, iningi labaphathi beziteshi abalungile ekunakekeleni imishini yomsakazo njengoba kwenza labo njiniyela abangochwepheshe be-RF, futhi izindleko zokuqasha unjiniyela olungisa izinto zomsakazo ziphezulu kakhulu, ngakho-ke izindleko zizonke zokulungiswa kwemishini yesiteshi sokusakaza azicabangeki.

 

Ukwengeza, lapho labo bahlinzeki bemishini yokusakaza abangakunikeza izinsiza zokukhanda nokulungisa imishini beqhele ngamakhilomitha angamakhulu ukusuka kuwe, noma ngisho nakwezinye izindawo ngaphesheya kolwandle, uzokhokha izikhathi eziningana izindleko zokulungisa imishini evamile. : ngoba kufanele uthumele leyo mpahla edingekayo kumhlinzeki ngolwandle

 

Yiqiniso, ungakwazi futhi ukulandela iziphakamiso zabo: ukuthenga noma ukuqasha izingxenye ezintsha eduze nesiteshi sakho somsakazo ukuze ubuyisele ezonakele, kodwa kunoma yikuphi, uzokhokhela isu lokulungisa olikhethayo.

 

Kubanikazi beziteshi zomsakazo kwamanye amazwe asathuthuka, akunangqondo ukuthumela leyo mishini emikhulu yokusakaza ibuyele kumkhiqizi wezinsimbi izinkulungwane zamakhilomitha. Izindleko eziphezulu zempahla kanye nokugcinwa kwe-ejensi ziyabakhungathekisa.

 

I-FMUSER ngalokhu ibeka phambili ezinye izindleko ezidingekayo zokunakekelwa kwemishini nezindlela ezivamile zokunciphisa lezi zindleko, ngethemba lokusiza abanikazi beziteshi zomsakazo abathile ukuba baqede inkinga yokusebenza okuphezulu nezindleko zokuyilungisa. Izindleko ezijwayelekile zokulungisa izinto zifaka:

 

1. Izindleko ze Transportation

 

Incazelo

 

Lapho impahla yesiteshi sakho somsakazo idinga ukuthunyelwa kumphakeli wezisetshenziswa, uzothwala izindleko zale mpahla yokuposa.

 

Uzehlisa Kanjani Izindleko Zokuthutha?

 

Ungabelana ngezindleko eziphezulu ngokuxoxisana nokuxhumana nomphakeli wezisetshenziswa. Ungathola futhi umhlinzeki wesevisi yokulungisa izinto zokusakaza wendawo futhi ukhokhe imali ethile yokulungisa ukuze uthole izinsiza ezihambisanayo zokulungisa okokusebenza.

 

Kodwa lokhu ngokuvamile AKUPHEPHILE: awukwazi ukulinganisa ukuthi izindleko zokulungiswa kwesisetshenziswa kanye namazinga okulungisa ahlinzekwa abantu besithathu bayahlangabezana yini namazinga.

 

Uma impahla yesiteshi sakho somsakazo ingasasebenzi kahle njengoba ibisebenza ngaphambi nangemuva kwamakhulu amadola ezindleko zokuyilungisa, ungase udinge ukuthenga into efanayo kumnikezeli wempahla futhi, okuzoba ezinye izindleko.

 

2. Izindleko ze Labor

 

Incazelo

 

Imishini yakho yokusakaza idinga ukunakekelwa okuchwepheshile, ngakho-ke udinga ukukhokhela labo abakunikeza izinkonzo zokulungisa

 

Ezinye izindleko zabasebenzi ezingaba khona zihlanganisa:

 

l  Iholo labasebenzi abalungisa izinto zokusebenza

 

l  Izindleko zokunakekela zabasebenzi bezobuchwepheshe babahlinzeki bemishini (isikhathi esisodwa noma ngehora)

 

l  Izindleko zabasebenzi bemishini (evame ukukhokhelwa ukuveza izinkampani ngesikhathi esisodwa)

 

l  Izindleko zokuya emsebenzini zabahlinzeki bemishini (uma useduze nomnikezeli wakho wezinto zokusebenza futhi ukhetha ukuhlela ochwepheshe ukuze balungiswe endaweni, uzodinga ukukhokha ezinye izindleko zabasebenzi kubahlinzeki bakho bemishini, njengezindleko zendawo yokuhlala nezokuthutha)

 

Uzehlisa Kanjani Izindleko Zabasebenzi?

 

Kunoma ikuphi, awukwazi ukugwema ukusetshenziswa kwezindleko zokulungisa mathupha, ngaphandle uma ufuna ukuthatha wonke umsebenzi wokusakaza womsakazo uwedwa, kufanele uthathe izindleko zokuyilungisa mathupha njengengxenye ebalulekile yezindleko zokunakekelwa kwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo.

 

Iqiniso liwukuthi, ngisho nakweminye imisakazo emazweni nasezifundeni ezithuthukile, izindleko zokuyilungisa mathupha kuseyisihloko esingenakugwenywa, kodwa ngokuhlela okuthile kokulungisa umsakazo, ungakwazi ukunciphisa kakhulu izindleko ezingadingekile zokuwulungisa mathupha.

 

Isibonelo, ngokuqhathanisa izindleko zokulethwa kwempahla kanye nokunakekelwa kwabahlinzeki bemishini nezindleko zokuqasha abasebenzi abalungisa izinto zokusebenza, ungenza kalula uhlelo lokulungisa okokusebenza oluhlangabezana kangcono nesabelomali sakho.

 

Uma kuqhathaniswa namasevisi okunakekela ahlinzekwa umuntu wesithathu (njengomphakeli wezinto zokusebenza noma inkampani yendawo yokulungisa), kufanele ujwayelane kakhudlwana nomsebenzi oyisisekelo wokulungisa kanye nokulungisa izinto zokusebenza zerediyo, futhi uhlale ufunda nokuzilolongela.

 

Kungale ndlela kuphela engakusiza ukwazi ukuqwashisa ngokulungiswa kwemishini, unciphise izindleko zokuyilungisa, futhi wenze isiteshi somsakazo sisebenze isikhathi eside ngendlela enempilo.

 

3. Izindleko ze Ukulungiswa Kwezisetshenziswa

 

Incazelo

 

Imishini yesiteshi somsakazo njengama-transmitters anamandla e-FM aphezulu, ngaphezu kwegobolondo le-aluminium alloy kanye nokunye okokufaka nokukhiphayo, kunezingxenye eziningi ezibalulekile, njengama-amplifiers, amashuna, amabhodi wesekethe, njll. Ukukhanda noma ukufaka esikhundleni salezi zingxenye ezibalulekile kube ngezindleko.

 

Uma ukude nomnikezeli wezinto zomsakazo, futhi ngenhlanhla, izingxenye ezithile ezibalulekile zemishini yakho yomsakazo zisanda kusha, kungase kudingeke ukuthi u-ode ngokuphindaphindiwe lezo zingxenye ezifakwe phakathi kwentela kumawebhusayithi omhlinzeki futhi ukhokhele izindleko eziphezulu zokuthutha.

 

Noma ungakhetha ukuthenga izingxenye ezifanayo eduze, bese ucela unjiniyela wakho wokulungisa izinto zokusebenza ukuba enze imisebenzi yazo, kodwa kungenzeka ukuthi umehluko omncane phakathi kwezingxenye ezihlukene uholela ekungafanini phakathi kwazo nemishini yokusakaza eyonakele, okusho ukuthi imali yakho zimoshwe.

 

Uzehlisa Kanjani Izindleko Zokushintshwa Kwezisetshenziswa?

 

Uma ukhathazekile ngezinga lempahla yomsakazo oyithengile futhi ulindele ukunciphisa izikhathi zokuyinakekela, kufanele ukhethe umhlinzeki wezinto zomsakazo ongcono kakhulu ngaphambi kokufaka ama-oda.

 

Kodwa futhi kufanele uqaphele ukuthi ngisho nemishini yomsakazo ehlinzekwa ngumkhiqizi ophezulu, ukusebenza kwesikhathi eside & okuphezulu kuzoletha izinkinga kwezinye izingxenye zomshini njengokuguga nokwehluleka.

 

Ngakho-ke, udinga ukunaka kakhulu ukugcinwa kwemishini yokusakaza emsakazweni ngezikhathi ezithile, ikakhulukazi lezo mishini yomsakazo emikhulu okunzima ukuyiqaqa, futhi urekhode inqubo yokugcinwa kokugcinwa kulogi lomsebenzi, ukuze wehlise izindleko zokunakekela inkinga efanayo futhi izindleko zokushintshwa kwezingxenye eziyinhloko.

 

Futhi, uma noma iyiphi into yomsakazo ihluleka futhi idinga ukukhandwa izimo eziphuthumayo, ukuze ugweme ukulahlekelwa abalaleli okubangelwa umoya oshonile isikhathi eside, kufanele ulungise izingxenye ezithile zemishini ezivezwa abantu abasengozini futhi ezishintshwa njalo ezidingekayo kusengaphambili, noma uthinte umphakeli wezinsimbi. futhi ubacele ukuthi banikeze imihlahlandlela yokulungisa izinto zokusebenza noma ezinye izinsiza zokulungisa eziku-inthanethi/kusayithi.

 

4. Izindleko Zokunakekelwa Kwezisetshenziswa

 

Incazelo

 

Ukugcinwa kwemishini kubaluleke kakhulu, futhi kufanele utshale amandla amaningi nezindleko ukuze wenze lo msebenzi kahle, okungasiza ukwelula impilo yesevisi yemishini yakho yomsakazo.

 

Ukubaluleka kokuhlela izindleko zokunakekelwa kwemishini kudlula zonke lezo zinyathelo ezibaluleke kakhulu. Uma ekugcineni usubona ibhalansi yemali engenayo kanye nezindleko zesiteshi somsakazo, sicela ungakunqeni ukwaba ingxenye yemali engenayo njengebhajethi yokulungisa izinto zokusebenza.

 

Uma unolwazi oluthile lwezezimali, ungaqonda kalula ukuthi isabelomali sokugcinwa kwemishini yokuhlela empeleni kuwukuziphatha okufanelekile kokutshala imali: lapho isiteshi somsakazo sineminyaka eminingana sisebenza ngokuqhubekayo, sinezinkinga eziningi njengokuguga nokuguga kwemishini yokusakaza, ukunakekela ngaleso sikhathi. akunakugwenywa.

 

Kodwa, khumbula njalo ukuthi ukulungiswa kwemishini kunganciphisa ngokufanelekile izinga lokugqoka komshini futhi kubambezele ukuguga kwayo.

 

Awukwazi ukubavumela bahlale esiteshini sakho somsakazo kuze kube phakade ukuze bakhonze wena nababukeli bakho.

 

Nakuba kunezinhlobo zemishini yesiteshi somsakazo ezibalulekile, futhi nezindleko zokunakekelwa kwalolu hlobo lwamathuluzi zihlala ziphezulu, kodwa uma ukhetha ukufaka ama-oda emishini efanayo esikhundleni sokuyigcina isesimweni esihle, ungakhokha izikhathi eziningana izindleko zesondlo.

 

Kunalokho, ngokuphathwa kwebhajethi yokugcinwa komsakazo ngendlela efanele, ungaqinisekisa ukuthi okokusebenza komsakazo wakho kungasebenza kahle isikhathi eside.

 

Ngisho noma kukhona amaphutha athile, ungaba nesabelomali esanele sokuqinisekisa ukuthi uhlelo lokulungisa izinto zokusebenza lungenziwa kahle

 

Uzilawula Kanjani Izindleko Zokulungiswa Kwezisetshenziswa?

 

Imali kanye nesabelomali kuyisihloko saphakade sawo wonke umnikazi wesiteshi somsakazo, okuphinde kube yisisekelo esibalulekile sokusinda kwesiteshi somsakazo.

 

Uma okokusebenza kwehlulekile, ungakhetha ukuwenza ngokwakho umsebenzi wokulungisa noma uwunikeze umphakeli wakho wezinto zokusebenza, kodwa kungakhathaliseki ukuthi iyiphi indlela, uzothwala izindleko eziningi zokulungisa izinto zokusebenza.

 

Kunemibono embalwa yokukusiza ukuthi uphathe kahle ibhajethi yokulungisa izinto zokusebenza:

 

- Khumbula njalo ukwenza uhlu lwanyanga zonke lwemali engenayo nezindleko

 

- Zibuze ukuthi, ingabe lezo zindleko ziyadingeka ngempela?

 

- Yazi umehluko phakathi kwezindleko zesikhathi esisodwa neziqhubekayo

  

Yiziphi Izindima Eziyishumi Ezibalulekile Esiteshini Somsakazo?

 

1. Ummemezeli

 

Abasakazi bakhulumela umsakazo, babhekele ukusakazwa komsakazo, ukukhangisa kanye nezimemezelo zezinsiza, njll.

 

2. Unjiniyela omkhulu

 

Uchwepheshe omkhulu wesiteshi somsakazo, obhekele ukugada abasebenzi bezobuchwepheshe, ukugcinwa kwemishini nokulawula, ukulawula umsakazo endaweni, ukuthobela imithetho kanye nokuhlolwa okusemthethweni kweziteshi zomsakazo, njll.

 

3. Unjiniyela Wokunakekela

 

Ngokufana nemisebenzi kanjiniyela omkhulu, ibhekene ngokukhethekile nokugcinwa kwemishini noma ukulungisa kabusha imishini yokusakaza ngemva kokuthola izikhalo kubalaleli.

 

4. Umdidiyeli Womculo

 

Unomthwalo wemfanelo wokuphatha umtapo wolwazi womculo werediyo, ukwenza uhlelo lokumaketha lomsakazo, ubudlelwano bomphakathi, njll

 

5. Umqondisi wezindaba

 

Unesibopho sokugcina imithombo yezindaba kanye nokukhiqizwa kohlelo lokusakazwa komsakazo, ukuqondisa nokuqondisa abasebenzi bomnyango wezindaba, njll.

 

6. Abantu basemoyeni

 

Unesibopho sokuxoxa indaba yokusakaza yangempela. Ungumkhulumeli womsakazo, owehlukile kumsakazi

 

7. Umqondisi wokukhiqiza

 

Ibhekene nokuphuma kwezinhlelo zomsakazo kanye nezinye izinto, futhi iqondise ukushelela kwenqubo yokuphuma kwezinhlelo zomsakazo.

 

8. Umqondisi wohlelo

 

Ubhekene nokulawula nokuqondisa okuqukethwe kokugcina kwezinhlelo zomsakazo

 

9. Umqondisi Wokuphromotha

 

Ibhekele ukumenyezelwa kwesithombe sangaphandle sesiteshi somsakazo kanye nokwakhiwa kwemisebenzi yokuphromotha

 

10. Umphathi Wesiteshi

 

Ubhekelela zonke izindaba zansuku zonke zesiteshi somsakazo, njengokuqashwa kwabasebenzi nokuqeqeshwa, ukwenza uhlelo lokusakaza uhlelo lomsakazo, ukuphatha izimali zesiteshi somsakazo, njll.

 

Uma unesabelomali esanele sokuqasha, ungaba neqembu labasebenzi bomsakazo abanekhono abangaba nesibopho sokusebenzisa nokuphatha isiteshi sakho somsakazo nsuku zonke futhi bakusize wabelane ngomsebenzi onzima wokulungisa umsakazo.

 

Ungathatha nethuba lokuqasha inani elithile labafundi abasafunda umsebenzi noma namavolontiya omsakazo womphakathi ngokulandelana. Nakuba lokhu kungase kunyuse umthwalo wakho wokuphatha abasebenzi, kuphinde kube yindlela enhle yokuqinisekisa ukusebenza ngokuphephile kwemishini yomsakazo, ikakhulukazi uma abanye abasebenzi abalungisa izinto zokusebenza bengekho emsebenzini.

10 Izinto Ezibalulekile Okufanele Zonke Iziteshi Zomsakazo Zibe Nazo

 

Abasebenzi besiteshi somsakazo bayisici esibalulekile sokuqinisekisa ukusebenza okujwayelekile kwesiteshi somsakazo.

 

Ngakho-ke, sicela unikeze abangaphansi kwakho ngendawo yokusebenza yomsakazo esezingeni eliphezulu futhi uqinisekise futhi ulondoloze ukwakhiwa kwengqalasizinda, engakwazi nje ukuthuthukisa ukusebenza kahle kwabasebenzi besiteshi somsakazo kodwa futhi ihehe izivakashi eziningi zesiteshi somsakazo futhi ithuthukise umusa wabo ngesiteshi sakho somsakazo!

 

Amakhasimende amaningi azobuza i-FMUSER "Yini okufanele uyicabangele ngaphambi kokwakha isiteshi sokusakaza somsakazo esiphrofeshinali?" Impendulo empeleni ilula kakhulu, ibhalwe kanje:

 

1. Indawo Yokuphila Okuzinzile

 

Ukuhlinzekwa kwamanzi nogesi ezinzile kwenza ukusakazwa kohlelo lomsakazo lwezinga eliphezulu kwenzeke. Ungakhohlwa ukuhlinzeka ngezimo zokuphila ezidingekayo ukuze kuqhutshekwe nokusebenza kwesiteshi somsakazo!

 

2. Amakamelo anemisebenzi ehlukene

 

- Igumbi lokubhema

- Igumbi lokuqopha

- Indawo yokuphumula

- Igumbi lokugezela

- njll.

 

Ngisho nendawo yokudlala yezingane ingaklanywa ngokuya ngesabelomali sakho!

 

3. Izidingo Zansuku Zonke

 

- Izikhiqizo zamanzi

- Iphepha amathawula

- Izimbiza zetiye

- Imishini yekhofi

- njll.

 

Ngisho nemishini yokuwasha nayo ingafakwa ohlwini, masenze wonke umuntu azizwe esekhaya!

 

4. Ifenisha Edingekayo

 

- Osofa

- Izihlalo

- Amathebula

- njll.

 

Khumbula njalo ukunikeza izivakashi zakho kanye nozakwabo nezindawo ezengeziwe zokuphumula nomsebenzi!

  

5. Izisetshenziswa Zikagesi

 

- Ama-air conditioner

- Iziqandisi

- Ama-oven ama-microwave

- njll. 

 

Udinga kuphela ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zansuku zonke zabasebenzi bestudiyo somsakazo, yilokho kuphela!

 

6. Izibani zeStudio

 

- Isibani setafula

- I-Chandelier

- Spotlight

-etc.

 

Ngaphandle kwalokhu, umugqa wokubonwa kwawo wonke umuntu esitudiyo ingase ithinteke!

 

7. Umhlobiso WeStudio

 

- Isitayela sokuklama

- Isakhiwo somsakazo.

- njll.

 

Masenze umbono omuhle kuqala kubavakashi bomsakazo!

 

8. Umklamo Wokuphepha

 

- Umswakama-ubufakazi

- Ukuvimbela umlilo

- Ukungenisa umoya

- njll.

 

Awusoze wafuna ukuthi imizamo yakho ichithwe!

 

9. Izimpahla Ezikhethekile

 

- Imaski yezokwelapha

- Inzalo yotshwala

- I-thermometer

 

Thatha isitudiyo somsakazo njengekhaya lakho lesibili!

 

10. Izimo Zenhlanzeko

 

Ngaphansi kobhubhane lomhlaba wonke lwe-covid-19, kuyadingeka ukuthi unake kakhulu ukuvimbela nokulawula komuntu siqu, ikakhulukazi kwezinye izindawo ezivaliwe njengestudiyo somsakazo.

 

Ngakho-ke, ukuze kuqinisekiswe izimo zokuhlanzeka kweziteshi zomsakazo, izinyathelo ezimbili zidinga ukwenziwa: Isisekelo senhlanzeko kanye Nokuvimbela Nokulawula Ubhubhane.

 

Inhlanzeko Yomuntu

- Ukubulala amagciwane

- Ukumaka kanye nesitoreji esihlangene sempahla yomuntu siqu

- Ukugcina izandla zihlanzekile lapho uphatha izinto zokusebenza

- Ukugcina ingubo ihlanzekile futhi ihlelekile

- Akukho ukukhafula

- Akukho ukulahla

- njll.

 

Ukuhlanzeka kweSitudiyoe

 

Khumbula njalo ukuhlanza istudiyo somsakazo ngezikhathi ezithile, okuhlanganisa:

 

- Ukususwa kwezinambuzane zasendlini

- Iqoqo lothuli

- Ukuhlanza udoti

- Ukuhlanza ideskithophu

- Ukuhlanza ukhaphethi

-Fukupholishwa kwe-uniture

- njll.

 

Ukuvimbela nokulawula i-COVID-19

 

- Ukutholwa kwezinga lokushisa izivakashi

- Amamaski ahlala evuliwe futhi awasuki uma kungenasidingo

- Khumbula njalo ukusebenzisa utshwala ukuze ubulale amagciwane ezisetshenziswa zokusakaza ezisetshenziswa yizivakashi

- Ukulungiselela izidingo zansuku zonke ezilahlwayo zezivakashi,

- njll.

 

Isitudiyo esihlanzekile nesicocekile ngaso sonke isikhathi senza abantu bazizwe bejabule!

Amathiphu angu-6 Awusizo Wokuthuthukisa Ukuphathwa Kwezisetshenziswa Zesiteshi Somsakazo

 

Ukugcinwa kwemishini yokusakaza kuhlukile kunokulungiswa komkhiqizo okuvamile. Amathuluzi okusakaza anembe kakhudlwana futhi ngokuvamile anezindleko eziphezulu zokulungisa. Ngakho-ke, ngaphambi kokwenza noma yikuphi ukulungiswa kwemishini esitudiyo somsakazo, kufanele uqale ucabangele izici ezimbili ezibalulekile: abasebenzi bokunakekela kanye nesabelomali sokunakekela

 

Kafushane, abasebenzi kanye nezinsiza kuyizinto ezibalulekile okufanele zibhekwe ekulungisweni kwemishini yeziteshi zomsakazo. Bahlobene eduze. Izimali ezanele zokulungisa izinto zokusebenza kanye nesabelomali sokuqasha ngokuvamile zinganxenxa izisebenzi ezilungisa izinto zokusebenza ezingcono, kuyilapho ezinye izinsiza, njengezinhlelo ezinemininingwane yokulungiswa kwemishini, zingakhulisa indima yabasebenzi kanye nezimali futhi zisize ukuqondisa yonke inqubo yokugcinwa kwemishini yokusakaza.

 

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi kungakhathaliseki ukuthi siyikhokha kanjani imizamo yokuchaza izinhlelo zethu zokulungisa izinto zokusebenza, kuzohlala kukhona izinguquko ezingalindelekile ezingase zenzeke phakathi nokulungiswa kwangempela.

 

1. Lungiselela Amakhophi Emanyuwali Omkhiqizo

 

Ukuze ugweme noma yiluphi ulwazi olubalulekile lokulungisa olungekho, uhlobo ngalunye lwemishini yestudiyo yomsakazo luzoba namakhophi ambalwa emiyalelo yomkhiqizo oyinhloko kanye neminye.

 

2. Thola Ubuholi

 

Umuntu okhethekile uzoqanjwa futhi abhekane nokuqeqeshwa kokuphepha kwabasebenzi bomsakazo kanye nokuphathwa kwezinto ezihlangene

 

3. Bhala Isiqondiso Sezisetshenziswa Zomsakazo

 

Ukubhala amamanuwali omkhiqizo noma thola imanyuwali kubahlinzeki bemishini ethile yemishini yokusakaza esetshenziswa njalo, noma ukunamathisela ama-FAQ athile emishini angase avele, futhi abeke izinyathelo zokuphepha lapho usebenzisa okokusebenza kwezinye izindawo ezigqamile ukugwema noma yimuphi umonakalo ngengozi emishinini yomsakazo.

 

4. Yenza Ukuqeqeshwa Kwangaphakathi

 

ngezikhathi ezithile qhuba ukuqeqeshwa kwangaphakathi kwabasebenzi be-studio, uchaze izindlela zokusebenzisa nezinyathelo zokuphepha zemishini ehlukahlukene yesitudiyo, futhi uhlole njalo umphumela wokuqeqeshwa.

  

5. Thola Izindawo Ezingcono Kakhulu Zokusetha Isisetshenziswa

 

Ngeke wazi ukuthi kungani leyo mishini yokusakaza izolimala ngenxa yezizathu ezithile, okungenzeka kube ukushayisana komuntu ngokungazi noma ukuphuka noma ukusonteka kwamabomu.

 

Ngakho-ke, ngaphezu kokuqeqeshwa kwangaphakathi nokugwema ukusetshenziswa kwamandla emishini yokusakaza, ungakwazi futhi ukulungiselela indawo ekhethekile yemishini yomsakazo futhi uyivikele, isibonelo, thola indawo lapho abantu abadala bengafinyelela khona imishini kodwa izingane zingakwazi, noma namathisela izitika eziyisixwayiso zokusetshenziswa kwemishini, ukuze kuncishiswe ukuthintana okweqile phakathi kwemishini yesitudiyo kanye nomuntu wesithathu osesimweni esingasebenzi.

 

6. Ukubika Iphutha Lokulungisa

 

Abasebenzi bezokunakekelwa kwezempilo bazohlelwa ukuthi babike izinkinga zobuchwepheshe ngesikhathi lapho okokusebenza kusitudiyo sokusakaza konakala futhi ungakhohlwa ukuthi ukugcinwa kwemishini kungochwepheshe kuphela.

 

"Umuntu uzozicabangela izindaba zakhe"

 

7. Yakha Ithimba Lakho Lomsakazo

 

Ngisho noma ungabanga ukuthi ungumqondisi wesiteshi somsakazo, uchwepheshe we-RF, kanye nonjiniyela wokulungisa izinto zokusebenza ngesikhathi esisodwa, kodwa iqiniso liwukuthi unamahora angu-24 kuphela ngosuku, kungase kukuthathe amahora ambalwa ukuze okokusebenza okudinga ukulungiswa njalo. , futhi lokho kuyingxenye yesiteshi somsakazo esisebenza nsuku zonke, ungase futhi udinge ukuthatha isikhathi ukurekhoda impendulo yesisetshenziswa: kungenzeka uphuthelwe ulwazi oluthile olubalulekile kule nqubo.

 

Ngakho kungani ungazami ukwabela izisebenzi ezithile le misebenzi? Ngisho ukuthi, uma uneqembu lomsakazo... Ungaxhumanisa umsebenzi wabo, ubacele ukuthi benze umbiko oningiliziwe womsebenzi, bese ubeka iziphakamiso ezithile, okungenzeka kube yilapho unganikeza khona ukudlala okugcwele ukuze kuzuze kakhulu.

8. Bhala Izindleko Zakho Zanyanga Zonke Nokulondoloza

 

Ukugcinwa kwemishini nokulungiswa kabusha kufanele kube yinto ehamba phambili emsebenzini womsakazo. Ngisho noma ucabanga ukuthi zisekhona ezinye izici eziningi ezibaluleke ngaphezu kwalokhu, uzokhokha inani elibuhlungu uma umshini womsakazo uyeka ukusebenza ngesikhathi sokusakazwa kwezinhlelo zomsakazo ngenxa yokungalungiswa.

 

Lokhu kukukhumbuza ukuthi ubhale uhlu lwezindleko nokonga esiteshini sakho somsakazo nyanga zonke, ukuze ukwabe isabelomali sokulungisa nokuthenga ngesikhathi nangendlela efanele.

 

Ikakhulukazi kweminye imisakazo ezwelayo ezindlekweni nasekusebenziseni imali, kuwukuhlakanipha kakhulu ukonga ingxenye yeholo lanyanga zonke lomsakazo lokunakekela imishini, ukulungisa kabusha nokuthenga, ngisho noma imali ungayisebenzisi okwesikhashana, kodwa awunakuqinisekisa. ukuthi ngeke kudingeke ukuthi ushintshe noma yiziphi izisetshenziswa zomsakazo noma ulungise futhi ulungise kabusha izinto zomsakazo esikhathini esizayo.

 

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukubekela eceleni ingxenye yemali oyilondolozile njengebhajethi yokulungisa izinto zokusebenza nyanga zonke kungakunikeza ukuthula kwengqondo.

 

Ingabe izindleko ezidingekayo noma izindleko ezingadingekile?

 

Kuyohlale kunezindleko ezingabalulekile ezitatimendeni zakho zezimali zekota zesiteshi, kodwa noma yiziphi izindleko ziyadingeka futhi zinengqondo ekulungisweni kwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo.

 

Uma uthola ukuthi ezinye izindleko ezingadingekile zinkulu kunezindleko ezidingekayo, kufanele uqaphele ukuthi iholo lakho liyasetshenziswa yini ezindaweni ezingabalulekile, futhi wenze ukulungisa okufika ngesikhathi kuye ngokwesimo sangempela.

 

Ingabe izindleko zesikhathi esisodwa noma izindleko eziqhubekayo?

 

Bonke abasebenzi esiteshini somsakazo, kusukela kumphathi wesiteshi, unjiniyela weRF kuya kumsakazi, bayathemba ukuthi ukutshalwa kwezimali kwazo zonke izinto zomsakazo kuyizindleko zesikhathi esisodwa, okuyinto ephusile.

 

Uma imishini eminingi idinga ukushintshwa kaningi, ngokungangabazeki izongeza izindleko ezinkulu kumnikazi wesiteshi. Kunjiniyela wesiteshi, Lokhu kusho ukufakwa kwemishini eyengeziwe kanye nomthwalo wokuhlola umsebenzi.

 

Kumsakazi, lokhu kusho ukuthi udinga ukuchitha isikhathi esiningi efunda ukusebenzisa imishini.

 

Utshalomali lwezindleko zesikhathi esisodwa, olufana nempahla elalelwayo nefenisha, lungasetshenziswa esiteshini sakho somsakazo iminyaka eminingi uma lunakekelwa kahle; Ezinye izingxenye zemishini kungase kudingeke ukuthi zishintshwe njalo ukuze kugcinwe isimo sazo esihle sokusebenza

 

Ezinye izindleko zokulungisa umsakazo, njengemali yokugibela yezidingo zansuku zonke, izinsiza, njll. Lezi yizindleko eziqhubekayo.

 

Uma isabelomali sakho singanele, uzodinga ukunciphisa izindleko zesikhathi esisodwa futhi udlulisele le ngxenye yesabelomali njengezindleko zokunakekelwa kwemishini uma kunesidingo.

 

9. Thola Umhlinzeki Wengcweti

 

Uma unomphakeli wezinto zesiteshi somsakazo onguchwepheshe, HAlala! Ngokuvamile ungathola isisombululo se-turnkey yerediyo esiphelele, okusho ukuthi ngaphezu kwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo, ezinye izinkonzo ezikhethekile, njengokufakwa kwemishini, ukugcinwa kwezinto zokusebenza, kanye nesevisi yangemuva kokuthengisa, nayo izohlinzekwa.

 

Kodwa-ke, ukuthi umphakeli wakho wezinto zokusebenza uyanikezela yini ngalezi zinsizakalo noma cha kuncike ekufuneni kwakho kanye nesabelomali sakho. Iziteshi zomsakazo emazweni asathuthuka nasezifundeni zivame ukudinga izinsiza ze-turnkey, kusukela kuhlu oluphelele lwempahla yesiteshi somsakazo kuya ekufakweni nasekulungisweni. Isizathu ikakhulukazi kungenxa yokuntuleka kobuchwepheshe bokusakaza kanye nesabelomali esanele.

 

Abanye abaphathi beziteshi bazofaka futhi banakekele zonke izinto zesiteshi ngokwabo. Kodwa-ke, kungase kuvele umonakalo othile ongadingekile emishinini ngenxa yokungasebenzi kahle, okungase kwenyuse izindleko zokulungisa okokusebenza.

 

Ngakho-ke, lapho ufuna abahlinzeki bemishini abanokwethenjelwa ekuqaleni kohlelo lokwakha isiteshi somsakazo, ngaphezu kolwazi lokufunda nokulungisa izinto zokusebenza, udinga ukuxhumana nezinye izinkonzo zokulungisa nabahlinzeki bemishini, ikakhulukazi labo abanenhloso yokubambisana.

 

Kungale ndlela kuphela, lapho isiteshi sakho somsakazo sintula ulwazi lokulungisa izinto zokusebenza noma singakwazi ukuzisiza lapho sibhekene nezinkinga zemishini okunzima ukuzilungisa, ungathintana nomnikezeli wezinto zokusebenza esiteshini somsakazo ukuze uthole usizo.

 

Okulandelayo ezinye izidingo zokunakekelwa kwemishini yesiteshi somsakazo evame ukubuzwa ngamanye amakhasimende ethu lapho efuna ukubambisana kwesikhathi eside:

 

l  Nikeza uhlelo oluphelele lokulungisa imishini lweminyaka embalwa ezayo ngemva kokusungulwa ngempumelelo kwesiteshi

l  Nikeza imanuwali yokugcinwa kwezinto zokusakaza mahhala kanye nemiyalelo

l  Lapho ezinye izinto zokusakaza zidinga ukunakekelwa kwe-imeyili, zizobhekana nezindleko eziqondile

l  Nikeza ngosekelo olufanele lokugcinwa kwemishini eku-inthanethi, okuhlanganisa ucingo nenethiwekhi

l  Nikeza isiqondiso sokulungiswa kwendawo kubasebenzi abalungisa izinto zokusebenza

l  Ngaphakathi komkhawulo wesikhathi sewaranti, izingxenye noma okokusebenza kungashintshwa uma kwenzeka umonakalo womshini ngenxa yezinto ezingezona ezomuntu.

 

njll ...

 

Qaphela: uma uxoxa ngalezi zinsizakalo zokunakekela nomphakeli wezisetshenziswa, sicela uzisebenzise kunkontileka noma umbhalo, futhi urekhode lokho okuthenjiswe umphakeli wakho wezinto zokusebenza.

 

I-FMUSER ingumkhiqizi wemishini yomsakazo ochwepheshe evela e-China. Bahlinzeka ngezixazululo zekhwalithi ephezulu kubathengi bemishini yomsakazo abanezabelomali ezihlukene, okuhlanganisa amaphakheji aphelele emishini yesiteshi somsakazo, amasistimu okusakaza omsakazo aphelele, nokusekelwa kobuchwepheshe okucabangelayo.

 

Ngaso leso sikhathi, i-FMUSER iphinde ibe ngumphathi wesiteshi somsakazo onokwethenjelwa, singasiza zonke izinhlobo zeziteshi zomsakazo ukwenza imisebenzi yansuku zonke nokuphathwa kokulungisa. Kusukela kubhajethi yakho, singakusiza futhi wenze uhlelo lwebhizinisi olungcono kakhulu lokusetha isiteshi sakho somsakazo esikhethekile.

 

Ake sixoxe ngekusasa eliqhakazile lokusakaza emsakazweni no-FMUSER!

 

Izindlela Ezi-4 Ezisebenzayo Zokufaka Ibhizinisi Lakho Lesiteshi Somsakazo

 

Amafayela wemishini yesitudiyo somsakazo acishe abaluleke njengemishini ngokwayo, futhi, kunezinhlobonhlobo zemishini yokusakaza esitudiyo, futhi amazinga abo okusebenza ahlukile, ngakho-ke izindlela zokulungisa ezihambisanayo nazo zihlukile.

 

Ungase ungabi nalo isistimu yolwazi lomkhiqizo oluphelele njengomphakeli wakho wezinto zomsakazo, futhi eminye imininingwane enemininingwane igcinwa njengemfihlo yebhizinisi futhi ayifakwa ohlwini ku-inthanethi.

 

Ngakho-ke, cishe akunakwenzeka ngawe ukuthi uthole ulwazi olufanayo oluphrintiwe kumamanuwali nge-Googling ngesikhathi esifushane, ikakhulukazi kwamanye amamanuwali abalulekile.Ngaphezu kwalokho, lezi zinto zokusebenza ziyizingxenye zempahla yakho ekhokhelwayo. Sicela ugcine engqondweni ukubaluleka kwalezi zinto.

 

Uma zikulahlekela, ungase ungakwazi ukuthola imanuwali efanayo kumnikezeli wezisetshenziswa mahhala futhi. Ngakho-ke, khumbula ukufaka le "mikhiqizo yamahhala"

 

1. Hlela Amafayela Amathuluzi Abalulekile

 

Imanuwali yomkhiqizo ingase ibe enye yezingcezu ezibaluleke kakhulu zamafayela estudiyo somsakazo. Iqukethe lonke ulwazi olubalulekile lomkhiqizo ohambisanayo kusukela egameni, imodeli, imingcele, ukulungiswa, njll.

 

Abanye abahlinzeki bemishini yomsakazo abaqeqeshiwe bazohlinzeka ngezixazululo eziphelele ze-turnkey studio. Ngeke bagcine ngokuklama iphakethe lempahla yesitudiyo elihlangabezana kangcono nesabelomali sakho somsakazo wakho kodwa futhi bazokunikeza ukufakwa endaweni kanye nokusetshenziswa kwemishini (uma izimo zivuma) futhi bashiye imidwebo yezintambo zemishini yesitudiyo ngayinye.

 

Lapho silungisa imishini yamasonto onke noma nyanga zonke, ikakhulukazi ekunakekeleni izintambo zemishini yomsakazo, umdwebo wezintambo ungasisiza ngokunembile ukuthi sithole iphutha.

 

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ungakwazi futhi ukuthatha izithombe noma amavidiyo indawo yokufaka nokuthumela imishini futhi urekhode yonke inqubo. Uma unjiniyela wakho engenazo izinkomba zokulungisa izinto, lezi zithombe namavidiyo angamenza akhanye.

 

2. Dala Irekhodi Eliyingqayizivele Lokurekhoda

 

Uma ubungumphathi wesiteshi somsakazo, unesibopho sokusebenza okuzinzile kwesitudiyo somsakazo kanye nohlelo lokudlulisa, okusho ukuthi udinga ukurekhoda yonke inqubo yokusakaza umsakazo kusukela ekuqaleni kuze kube sekupheleni, okuhlanganisa imininingwane yephrojekthi yokusakaza, imishini esetshenzisiwe, njll., equkethe konke okuhlangenwe nakho kwakho nokuphawulile.Ngakho-ke, le log yokurekhoda kufanele ihluke.

 

I-RF kanye nonjiniyela bokulungisa banesibopho ngokulandelana kwabo ekulawuleni insimu yokusakaza kanye nokugcinwa kwemishini. Kodwa akubona bonke abaphathi beziteshi zomsakazo abangonjiniyela be-RF.

 

Konjiniyela beziteshi zomsakazo, irekhodi lokuqopha lomuntu siqu liyadingeka, kodwa okuqukethwe okurekhodiwe kungase kuthambekele kakhulu ekulungisweni kwemishini nasezisombululweni.

 

3. I-Homebrew Equipment Manual

 

Lokhu kufana nesifundo semishini. Izisebenzi zokunakekela zingarekhoda ulwazi oluthile oluyisihluthulelo, futhi ziyihlele futhi ziyihlele ibe isifundo sokusetshenziswa komkhiqizo, njengokurekhodwa kwezilungiselelo zepharamitha okuzenzakalelayo okokusebenza ngaphambi kokuvula amandla, noma ukurekhoda indlela yokuvula/ukuvala ngokuphephile nangokuphephile okokusebenza, noma ukurekhoda okokusebenza. inqubo yokwenza ikhophi yasenqolobaneni yesistimu, noma izinhlobo zokuqopha zezinto ezase zisetshenzisiwe kakade, njll.

 

Ukurekhoda okuphelele kwemishini yokusebenza kunikeza indlela esebenza kahle kakhulu yomsebenzi wokulungisa.

 

Futhi iyibhukwana elihle, elenza ukuba kube nezindleko eziphansi zokuqeqesha futhi likusiza ukuthi wehlise kakhulu izindleko zokusebenza nokunakekela umsakazo, kwabasanda kuhlanganyela, bangaqonda kabanzi mayelana nendlela umsakazo osebenza ngayo.

 

4. Isitoreji Esihlanganisiwe Sokugcwalisa

 

Yiqiniso, into ebaluleke kakhulu ukuthola indawo lapho le datha ebalulekile ingagcinwa khona ngokufanayo futhi ngokuphepha, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ibhukwana lomkhiqizo, umdwebo wezintambo zemishini, noma izithombe namavidiyo wesayithi yokufaka, njll.

 

U-FMUSER uncoma kakhulu ukuthi kuqoqwe wonke amafayela adingekayo emishini yestudiyo yomsakazo ngamunye ngesikhathi futhi aqoqe endaweni efinyeleleka kalula, eyomile futhi enezinga lokushisa elivamile, ungakhohlwa ukuthatha izinyathelo zokupakisha ezivikela umswakama.

 

Lapho ukugcinwa kwezinto zokusebenza kudinga ukwenziwa ngesikhathi, ithimba elilungisayo lingasabela ngokushesha futhi lithole izinto ezifanele zokunakekela okokusebenza ngesikhathi sokuqala

Izinhlobo ezi-3 Zokuphatha Esiteshini Somsakazo Esiqeqeshiwe

 

Kunoma ikuphi, umphathi wesiteshi kufanele abhekane nazo zonke izindaba zesiteshi, kodwa umphathi wesiteshi eyedwa akakwazi ukuzuza abasebenzi abaningi kanye nokuphathwa kwemishini.

 

Ngakho-ke, kuyadingeka ukwenza uhlelo oluningiliziwe lokuphatha ukulungiswa kwesiteshi futhi ulusebenzise ngezikhathi ezithile

 

1. Ukuphathwa Kwemishini Yesiteshi Somsakazo

 

Izinto ezilalelwayo, ifenisha, izinto zikagesi, ngisho nezingidi zeminyango. Kungakhathaleki ukuthi hlobo luni lwesisetshenziswa, kufanele ubale zonke izinto zesiteshi somsakazo nezinto zesitudiyo ozithengile, uhlukanise amagama alezi zisetshenziswa, futhi uzifake kusizindalwazi sekhompyutha yakho ukuze uzigcine.

 

Ngesikhathi esifanayo, kufanele futhi uqambe umuntu ophethe umnyango ngamunye. Uma kunezinkinga ezithile ezikhethekile endaweni yokusakaza, njengokumiswa kohlelo okubangelwa ukungasebenzi komshini, umnyango ngamunye ungaphendula ngokushesha.

 

Abasebenzi abalungisa izinto zokusebenza bazoba nesibopho sokugcinwa komshini nokugcinwa kwelogi, futhi umsebenzi wobudlelwano bomphakathi onesibopho sokuchaza izizathu zokumiswa kwababukeli uzonikezwa umsingathi.

 

Umuntu ophethe umyalo wesayithi uzonikezwa kumuntu oyinhloko ophethe, njll ... konke kubonakala kuhlelekile, akunjalo? Isisekelo siwukuthi usuwenzile amalungiselelo ale mishini yokusakaza kanye nomuntu ohambisana naye ophethe!

 

2. Ukuphathwa Kwabo Bonke Abasebenzi Bomsakazo

 

Umsakazi, unjiniyela we-RF, izisebenzi zasendaweni, izibani, ngisho nezivakashi zomsakazo, zonke lezi zindima zenza imisebenzi eyahlukene. Ukushoda kwanoma iyiphi kuzo kuzoholela ekulahlekelweni kokuqephuza okufanele kokusakaza izinhlelo zakho zomsakazo.

 

Uma ubungumphathi wesiteshi somsakazo, bekufanele ujwayele uhlelo lomsakazo kusenesikhathi.

 

Futhi uqaphe yonke ingxenye yenqubo yonke kusukela ekukhiqizweni kohlelo kuya ekusakazeni, futhi uphendule ngesikhathi lapho abanye abasebenzi behamba ngokuzumayo noma becela ikhefu, ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukusebenza kahle komsebenzi wonke womsakazo nokuqinisekisa ukusakazwa okuvamile kwezinhlelo zomsakazo.

 

3. Ukuphathwa Kwezokusakaza Ngomsakazo

 

Inqubo yokukhiqiza izinhlelo zomsakazo, inqubo yokugcinwa kwemishini yomsakazo, inqubo yokudlulisa abasebenzi, njll... kufanele usungule imibhalo ekhethekile ukuze urekhode inqubo yokusebenza ephindaphindwayo yesiteshi somsakazo ngasinye.

 

Uma usulungele ukuqasha abasebenzi abasha bomsakazo, ungabaqeqesha ngalawa marekhodi ukuze uqinisekise ukusebenza okungcono kwesiteshi somsakazo.

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